dna thesis

Staff and associates:

Dr Matthew Stern

Managing Director

Matthew Stern

Matthew Stern is the Managing Director of DNA Economics and an economist with a wide range of public and private sector experience. Prior to founding DNA Economics, Matthew worked for the South African Department of Trade and Industry, the National Treasury of South Africa and the World Bank. His consulting and research interests are in trade and industrial policy and regional integration. Matthew has an MSc in Financial Economics from the University of London and a PhD in Development Studies from the University of Sussex.

Elias Masilela

Executive Chairman

Elias Masilela

Elias Masilela is a Director of DNA Economics and a part-time commissioner on the National Planning Commission. Elias is also a Director of the South African Savings Institute ; a founder member of the Financial Sector Charter Council; and a former member of the Advisory Board of the Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences at the University of Pretoria. Until recently, Elias was the Chief Executive Officer of the Public Investment Commission (PIC) and a Director of the South African Reserve Bank. He has previously held senior positions with Sanlam, the Central Bank of Swaziland and was the Deputy Director General of the South African National Treasury. Elias holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in Social Sciences (Economics and Statistics) from the University of Swaziland and a Master of Sciences in Economic Policy and Analysis from the Addis Ababa University. He has lectured at a number of academic institutions and has written widely on the subject of economic policy.

Amanda Jitsing

Director: Public Economics

Amanda Jitsing

Amanda Jitsing is head of DNA’s public economics practice. She has experience in public finance, regulatory economics and policy making and has worked in all three spheres of government in South Africa. She has completed research projects in the areas of intergovernmental fiscal relations, financial management, budgeting, strategic planning, and monitoring and evaluation. Prior to joining DNA. Amanda was a project manager at the Auditor General, where she managed the interface between the Auditor General and his parliamentary stakeholders on issues such as financial management and auditing. She has also worked for the Applied Fiscal Research Centre (Pty) Ltd, a leading consultancy specialising in capacity building and research in the public sector.

Amanda holds a M.Com in Economics from the University of KwaZulu-Natal. She is also an SAQA accredited assessor and moderator.

Brent Cloete

Manager: Climate Change and Energy Economics

Brent Cloete

Brent is an economist experienced in conducting sector studies, socio-economic and regulatory impact analyses, evaluating donor programmes and providing policy and strategy advice to public and private sector clients. His current focus is on climate change economics. Brent joined DNA from Genesis Analytics, where he worked in the development finance, liquid fuels, chemicals, capital markets, telecommunications, publishing, and pulp and paper sectors in South Africa. He has also worked on projects focussing on other African countries, including trade facilitation in East Africa, economic recovery in Zimbabwe, manufacturing in Mozambique, the textile and clothing industry in Botswana, and public sector reform in Rwanda. He holds an M.Comm in Economics from the University of Stellenbosch.

Yash Ramkolowan

Manager: Trade & Investment

Yash Ramkolowan

Yash Ramkolowan is an economist with experience in financial economics, trade and industrial policy. Prior to joining DNA Economics, Yash worked as a research analyst at Cadiz Securities, where he was responsible for modelling equities, writing reports and developing investment strategies. He has also worked as a research assistant on a number of trade-related projects while at the University of Cape Town. Yash holds an MCom in Economics from the University of Cape Town.

Sarah Truen

Manager: Regulatory Economics

Sarah Truen

Sarah is an economist with a particular interest in the competitive framework and regulation of network economies. Sarah joined DNA Economics from Genesis Analytics, where she undertook research across a wide range of industries, including capital markets, telecommunications, and the transportation sector, for clients from both the private and public sector. Specific projects included benchmarking South African telecommunications prices against an international peer group, analysis of price formation and efficiency in the South African rail network, and providing recommendations as regards the regulation of the contracts for differences market. From 1999 to 2003, Sarah worked in the South African stockbroking industry. She holds an MCom in Economics from the University of the Witwatersrand.

Anthea Dallimore

Manager: Public Economics

Anthea Dallimore

Anthea Dallimore is the Manager of the Public Economics practice. She has over fifteen years’ experience as a development economist, researcher and evaluator. She has worked as an independent consultant, for a large humanitarian INGO (World Vision), and as the managing director of a national socio-economic research agency (Development Research Africa). Whilst at World Vision she managed a global innovation and capacity building programme on Local Economic Development, which was implemented in over 20 countries, and at DRA she oversaw a number of national surveys that ranged in sample size from 3 000 to over 10 000 households. Her interests lie in the areas of public policy, monitoring and evaluation, and applied research methods. Her thematic areas of expertise include poverty, local economic development, financial inclusion and civil society. Other than her knowledge of the South African context, her work assignments have also taken her to Mauritius, Kenya, Uganda, Cambodia, Thailand, Australia, New Zealand, U.S.A, U.K, Germany, Armenia and Lebanon. She has a Bachelor of Economics from the University of Newcastle (Australia), a Masters in Development Studies from UKZN, and a PhD from the London School of Economics and Political Science.

Daleen Nieuwoudt

Business Operations Manager

Daleen Nieuwoudt

Daleen is the Business Operations Manager at DNA Economics, responsible for maintaining all human resource, financial and administrative processes; and ensuring that the company’s business operations are efficient and effective in meeting customer requirements and DNA’s strategic goals. Daleen has worked in the consultancy industry for more than ten years in various roles, including that of Operations and Procurement Management, and also has experience in Government. Daleen holds a Bachelor of Arts degree (Industrial Psychology and Communication).

Mosa Mothoa

Administrator

Phumzile Mkhwanazi

Office Assistant

Zulaikha Brey

Zulaikha Brey

Alex Child

Alex Child

Alex Constantinou

Alex Constantinou

Kemedi Kgaphola

Kemedi Kgaphola

Motshidisi Mokoena

MOTSHIDISI MOKOENA

Dawid-Willem Pienaar

Dawid-Willem Pienaar

Linton Reddy

LINTON REDDY

Nolwazi Sokhulu

Nolwazi Sokhulu

Fouché Venter

Fouché Venter

Carla Constantinescu

Carla Constantinescu

Trurman Zuma

Trurman Zuma

Prof. Channing Arndt

Prof. Channing Arndt

Liz Dartnall

Liz Dartnall

Dr Lawrence Edwards

Dr Lawrence Edwards

Prof. Frank Flatters

Prof. Frank Flatters

Volker Schoer

Volker Schoer

Dr Natasha Ward

Dr Natasha Ward

Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center (NOROCK)

Year Published: 2016

Pika (Ochotona princeps) losses from two isolated regions reflect temperature and water balance, but reflect habitat area in a mainland region

Although biotic responses to contemporary climate change are spatially pervasive and often reflect synergies between climate and other ecological disturbances, the relative importance of climatic factors versus habitat extent for species persistence remains poorly understood. To address this shortcoming, we performed surveys for American pikas (Ochotona princeps) at > 910 locations in 3. Read More

Year Published: 2016

Disease introduction is associated with a phase transition in bighorn sheep demographics

Ecological theory suggests that pathogens are capable of regulating or limiting host population dynamics, and this relationship has been empirically established in several settings. However, although studies of childhood diseases were integral to the development of disease ecology, few studies show population limitation by a disease affecting juveniles. Here, we present empirical evidence that. Read More

Year Published: 2016

Potential of environmental DNA to evaluate Northern pike (Esox lucius) eradication efforts: An experimental test and case study

Determining the success of invasive species eradication efforts is challenging because populations at very low abundance are difficult to detect. Environmental DNA (eDNA) sampling has recently emerged as a powerful tool for detecting rare aquatic animals; however, detectable fragments of DNA can persist over time despite absence of the targeted taxa and can therefore complicate eDNA sampling. Read More

The human genome is complete and the scientific community is closing in on the genomic inventory of the microflora that human life depends on. The University of Oklahoma’s Advanced Center for Genome Technology (ACGT) has played an important role in revealing the essence of life processes. We are actively engaged in the sequence and functional annotation of several genomes of health and agricultural importance. In addition to the genome center databases, the OU Bioinformatics Core Facility hosts the world’s largest E. coli Gene Expression database.

The OU ACGT provides the powerful tools of genomics and functional genomics to researchers at the University of Oklahoma and information to users around the world. Under the direction of Drs. Bruce Roe and Tyrrell Conway, the facility has been designated a Genome Center by the National Human Genome Research Institute (NIH-NHGRI) since 1990 and provides a comprehensive microarray core facility and database that handles all aspects of this complex technology seamlessly.

Conway Lab has moved to Oklahoma State University.

GenExpDB has also moved. Please update your bookmark.

OU Microarray and Bioinformatics Core Facility
Advanced Center for Genome Research
Stephenson Research and Technology Center
101 David L. Boren Blvd.
The University of Oklahoma
Norman, OK 73019-0245
www.ou.edu/microarray
bioinformatics@ou.edu

The BCF has moved to the Stephenson Research and Technology Center along with other outstanding research units in life science, biotechnology, genomics, computer science, bioengineering and the OU Supercomputing Center for Education and Research (OSCER)

dissertation monarchie 1789 1792

Le siècle des Lumières

La fin de la monarchie française

Le règne de Louis XVI est ponctué par une série d'incompréhensions.

Le jeune Louis XVI, qui accède au tône à la mort de son oncle en 1774, alors qu'il n'est qu'un jeune adolescent, est affublé d'un caractère ambigu. parfois indolent pour les uns, franchement incapable pour les autres. Malgré quelques succès dans sa politique (l'alliance avec l'Autriche, renforcée par le mariage avec la Dauphine, Antoine d'Autriche, future Marie-Antoinette, conduit la France à une victoire contre les Anglais en 1783) la sympathie va aux insurgés d'Amérique qui luttent pour leur indépendance. La France va s'engager à grands frais dans cette aventure. Les idées républicaines venues d'Outre Atlantique commencent à séduire.

De même Louis XVI tente des réformes, mais son manque de fermeté l'oblige à céder à l'opinion publique. il sacrifie deux grands ministres devenus impopulaires, Turgot et Necker.

Les difficultés financières s'accroissent, les paysans protestent contre l'augmentation des impôts. Une crise économique, sociale et financière conduità la convocation des Etats Généraux le 4 mai 1789.
La prise de la Bastille en juillet 1789 est un acte symbolique, tandis que la prise des Tuileries, le 10 août 1792 marque la fin de la monarchie. Louis XVI est guillotiné le 21 janvier 1793, Marie-Antoinette le 16 novembre 1793.

Trouver une problГ©matique pour une dissertation d'histoire en 2 minutes

Par IntГ©grer Sciences Po – Histoire. MГ©thodologie
le mardi 14 octobre 2014 à 12:45

Il existe une mГ©thode miracle pour trouver une problГ©matique parfaitement valable pour chacun des sujets d’histoire.

Le blog IntГ©grer Sciences Po vous dГ©voile cette technique pour que vous puissiez toujours construire une problГ©matique, et n’ГЄtre jamais en panne le jour de votre examen.

Si cette mГ©thode n’est pas toujours la plus performante, elle a le mГ©rite d’ГЄtre une bouГ©e de secours qui reste efficace.

La mГ©thode est simple :

  • Etape 1. DГ©limiter les deux bornes temporelles du sujet (dГ©but et fin)
  • Etape 2. Identifier la situation lors de ces deux dates
  • Etape 3. Etablir le pont entre ces deux dates (comment est-on passГ© de)

Un exemple simple pour comprendre. Imaginons que le sujet soit La 2nde Guerre Mondiale

  • Etape 1. Bornes temporelles. dГ©but -> 1939 – 1945 <- fin
  • Etape 2. 1939. une Europe Г  peine remise de la 1ГЁre GM dГ©jГ  menacГ©e par les extrГЄmes (Hitler, Mussolini. ). 1945. un monde traumatisГ© aprГЁs un lourd bilan qui doit assurer les espoirs de paix.
  • Etape 3. On fait le lien. Comment les tensions europГ©ennes ranimГ©es par la montГ©e des extrГЄmes se sont-elles gГ©nГ©ralisГ©es en une guerre mondiale destructrice uniquement soldГ©e par une paix Г  assurer ?

VoilГ  une problГ©matique qui claque. Vous avez compris le principe, maintenant c’est Г  vous de jouer

Commentaires

Par NadГЁge le 04/01/13 à 21:32

Merci pour cette mГ©thode efficace et rapide. )
C'est un vrai gain de temps
et de maniГЁre gГ©nГ©rale, merci pour ce blog pleins d'info

Par Zooey le 13/03/13 à 16:20

Merci, c'est vraiment bien comme mГ©thode !

Par thib le 16/05/13 à 21:41

Pour voir un autre exemple. La guerre d'algГ©rie

Etape 1: dГ©but 1954 fin accord d'Evian 1962
Etape 2 :54 france instable politiquement, contexte de dГ©colonisation, dГ©faite du dien bien phu, affaiblissement aprГ©s la 2n guerre mondiale, revendication algГ©rienne.
1962 ==> Charles de Gaulle au pouvoir (depuis 4 ans), pouvoir politique menacГ© par OAS, opinion favorable Г  l'indГ©pendance, indГ©pendance de l'agГ©rie, afflue de pieds noirs.

Etape3. lien
1Dans quelle mesure l'arrivГ©e du gГ©nГ©ral de Gaulle permit la fin de la guerre ?( juste ?)
2En quoi la guerre d’Algérie marque t-elle la fin de l'empire colonial Français.
3Dans quelle mesure, la France sort t-elle affaiblit de la guerre d’Algérie à l'échelle internationale ?Au point de vue, économique, sociale, symbolique.

Que pensez-vous de ces problГ©matiques ?
Merci, je suis nouveau, je trouve ce site super. thib

@thib :
Bonjour @thib, c’est exactement Г§a bravo. Pour nous la meilleure de tes problГ©matiques serait la 2nde.

Il faut prendre en compte l’Г©tape 1 et 2, avec la situation au dГ©but des bornes chronologiques (en 1954), et la faire bien apparaГ®tre dans la problГ©matique, car tes problГ©matiques se concentrent plus sur la fin.

Du coup :
ProblГ©matique = situation en 1954 + LIEN + situation en 1962

Ta problГ©matique qui correspond le mieux Г  cette formule semble bien ГЄtre la seconde. On aurait pu trouver par exemple, en reprenant ton analyse des situations en 1954 et 1962 :

Comment les revendications algГ©riennes aprГЁs l’affaiblissement de la France au sortir de la 2nde Guerre mondiale ont-elles pu trouver une issue dans le retour au pouvoir de Charles de Gaulle ?

En prenant deux Г©lГ©ments, un de 1954 et un de 1962, en les reliant, voici une bonne problГ©matique pour un concours Sciences Po.

Pour rappel, le sujet guerre d’AlgГ©rie est tombГ© Г  Sciences Po Paris cette annГ©e 2013, et voici un corrigГ© pour le plan que l’on pourrait apporter Г  de telles problГ©matiques, pour aller plus loin.

Bien jouГ© pour ces constructions de problГ©matique, Г§a va devenir comme un jeu tu vas voir, bonnes rГ©visions

Par Thib le 17/05/13 à 17:34

Merci, pour les conseils .(le lien pour voir le corrigГ© ne fonctionne pas)

Auriez-vous des astuces pour les problГ©matiques en gГ©ographie ?

@Thib :
Bonjour @Thib, c’est une bonne idГ©e pour une mГ©thodologie sur la gГ©ographie pour les IEP. Merci, nous la gardons dans un coin. En gГ©ographie, la problГ©matique est moins importante. souvent, il suffit de reprendre les termes du sujet, de mettre un point d’interrogation Г  la fin, et Г§a pourrait limite passer.

Bonne journГ©e Г  toi,

Par thib le 19/05/13 à 20:34

Par fГ©fГ© le 13/01/14 à 10:51

Bonjour cette mГ©thode semble trГЁs pratique mais qu'en est-il du cas oГ№ le sujet est un bilan comme par exemple. le bilan de la 2nd Guerre mondiale. Peut-on aussi l'utiliser.
En tout cas merci pour ce site qui m'est vraiment utile :)

Par Bill le 18/01/14 à 12:26

Bonjour. Je propose un autre exemple.

Berlin dans la guerre froide.
Etape 1. 1947-1989
Etape 2. 1947. Berlin sous administration quadripartite, tensions devenant de plus en plus vives entre l'URSS et les Occidentaux, satellisation des pays libГ©rГ©s par l'ArmГ©e Rouge. 1989. Chute du Mur de Berlin qui conduit Г  la rГ©unification, chute du Rideau de fer en Europe centrale.
Etape 3. lien. En quoi les tensions Est-Ouest ont-elles atteint leur paroxysme Г  Berlin, et en quoi cette ville est elle symbolique du dГ©roulement et de la fin de la Guerre Froide ?

Qu'en pensez-vous. Et merci beaucoup pour ce site, il est parfait. )

Par christophe le 25/03/14 à 18:29

merci pour les conseils.
je vous propose un autre exemple;
la rГ©sistance.
merci d'avance.

Par cha le 26/03/14 à 15:46

J'ai pris, pour m'entrainer, un sujet dГ©jГ  tombГ© en Г©preuve d'histoire au concours commun. La France et la construction europГ©enne, 1957 – 1992. Quelle problГ©matique faire avec ce sujet lГ . J'ai compris la technique, cependant je n'arrive pas bien Г  l'appliquer ici..

Par Marion le 22/05/14 à 14:35

Bonjour, alors qu'approche la date du concours commun, j'ai essayГ© de problГ©matiser le sujet " la guerre froide de 1945 Г  1962": Comment le risque de destruction nuclГ©aire massive en 1962 s'est il substituГ© Г  la situation de paix au sortir de la seconde guerre mondiale. Cette problГ©matique conviendrait-elle le jour j.
Toujours en suivant vos conseils, j'ai rencontré quelques difficultés pour problématiser les sujets concernant la politique française. Pour le sujet "la cinquième République depuis 1974" par exemple, je ne parviens pas à trouver mieux que: quelles ont été les évolutions de la cinquième République de 1974 à aujourd'hui?" problématique un peu trop vague qui ne me plait pas du tout.
Merci de votre aide.

Par S le 23/05/14 à 14:40

Marion. j'ai essayГ© Г©galement de trouver une problГ©matique Г  ce sujet. Je suis arrivГ©e Г  ce rГ©sultat. Dans quelle mesure, Г  partir de l'Г©lection de VGE en 1974, la Ve RГ©publique a Г©voluГ© vers un rГ©gime d'un nouveau type marquГ© par l'alternance et la cohabitation ?

Par fredy le 26/07/14 à 08:51

C'Est geniale ce site!j'aimerai bien l'appliquer dans mes devoires et constate.

Par Princesse le 16/11/14 à 21:37

Bonsoir,
Je dГ©couvre ce site qui est plutГґt pas mal, bravo.
Je suis Г©tudiante, je dois trouver une problГ©matique sur le sujet l'armГ©e, fabrique de la virilitГ©? Sachant que ma problГ©matique doit montrer aussi bien le positif que le nГ©gatif de l'armГ©e.
Si vous avez des idГ©es.

Par Audrey le 28/11/14 à 16:09

Bonjour Г  tous, j'ai une dissert en histoire qui Г  comme sujet. Le monde de 1945 Г  1947, la prof nous aide en nous donnant les trois parties qui sont. 1/Bilan humain; 2/ Espoir d'un monde nouveau; 3/Nouvelle organisation du monde
Alors j'ai essayГ© de suivre votre mГ©thode, mais je ne suis pas trГЁs douГ©e et je n'arrive pas spГ©cialement Г  trouver une problГ©matique avec ces parties.

Etape 1. les dates sont mises donc. 1945 et 1947
Etape 2. 1945. fin de la 2nd guerre mondiale ; 1947. dГ©but de la guerre froide et bipolaritГ© du monde, plan Marshall, doctrine Truman et Jdanov
Etape 3. Comment aprГЁs une pГ©riode de victoire les deux grands se sont opposГ©s pour entrer dans une nouvelle guerre ?
Ou sinon toute simple. Quelles ont Г©tГ© les consГ©quences dans le monde aprГЁs la 2nde guerre mondiale ?

Mais je ne pense pas que ce soit Г§a :/

@Audrey :
Bonjour Audrey,
La 1ГЁre problГ©matique que tu proposes dans l’Г©tape 3 est tout Г  fait pertinente. (“Comment aprГЁs une pГ©riode de victoire les deux grands se sont opposГ©s pour entrer dans une nouvelle guerre ?”)
Tu pourras nous dire ce qu’en pense ton professeur, mais la question est bien de savoir comment des pays qui se sont unis pour mettre fin Г  la 2nde GM ont pu rentrer en conflit, aboutissant au dГ©but de la Guerre froide.
Pour notre part, nous trouvons que c’est un trГЁs bon angle.
L’Г©quipe IntГ©grer Sciences Po

Par Audrey le 29/11/14 à 16:18

Je suis surprise lГ , mais tant mieux alors si ma problГ©matique vous semble correcte. Je vais donc l'utiliser pour mon devoir. D'ici quelques jours, je posterais ce qu'en a pensГ© la prof. Merci en tout cas :)

Par Julien le 29/01/15 à 18:21

Bonjour, je trouve votre mГ©thode trГЁs astucieuse dans la mesure oГ№ nous possГ©dons deux dates. Mais dans le cas d'un rapport entre une date et aujourd'hui, comment procГ©der.
Exemple. le conflit IsraГ©lo-arabe de 1948 Г  nos jours.
Merci d'avance

Par jeanne le 24/02/15 à 22:44

Bonjour, j'ai compris la mГ©thode mais j'ai du mal Г  l'appliquer Г  mon sujet "Le discours du 17 Juin 1940 fondement de la propagande vichyssoise" auriez vous une idГ©e ?

Par Sam le 13/04/15 à 11:19

Bonjour, est-ce que quelqu'un pourrait m'aider Г  trouver une problГ©matique pour le sujet de: "Exercer l'autoritГ© en Europe occidentale au XVIIe-XVIIIe siГЁcle" svp? J'ai bien compris le principe de cette mГ©thode, mais je n'arrive pas Г  trouver une problГ©matique pour ce sujet..

Par Sonia le 20/04/15 à 17:55

Bonjour, mon sujet de dissertation est faire la guerre depuis 1945 mais je ne trouve pas de problematique. J'ai un plan qui est I-Grandes puissances et conflits dans le monde depuis 1945 et II-Les Г‰tats Unis dans le monde depuis 1945

Par Lucas le 21/04/15 à 14:52

Bonjour,
Le livre de Thibault Klinger – "Histoire – Concours commun des IEP", qui date de 2013, est-il toujours valable aujourd'hui ?
Merci d'avance

Par Lola le 02/05/15 à 22:14

Et si le sujet n'a pas de date limite, comment fait-on. On m'a donnГ© par exemple pour dissertation, le sujet: Faire la guerre depuis 1945. je suis un peu perdue

Par sloslinche le 03/05/15 à 18:20

bonjour. une prГ©pa ENS/D1 prГ©pare t-elle aux IEP?

Par A_w_d le 04/05/15 à 00:51

@Lola. je dirais qu'il s'agirait de faire une analyse des guerres qui se sont produites aprГЁs la WWII. Enfin pas analyse en tant que seulement dresser un listing, mais les moyens engagГ©s, la formation d'alliances entre les pays, intervention d'organisations internationales telles que l'ONU lors du siГЁge de Sarajevo. Dire "Г  partir de 1945", c'est suggГ©rГ© que quelque chose a changГ© depuis la WWII et tu le montrer. Idem pour ce qui n'a pas changГ© aussi. Je ne sais pas si j'ai Г©tГ© trГЁs claire ?

Par NoГ©mie le 15/05/15 à 16:06

Bonjour,
Quelle problГ©matique proposeriez-vous pour le sujet suivant.
"La constitution des blocs de 1945 Г  1953" ?
Merci d'avance!

Par Margot le 24/05/15 à 16:46

je n'arrive pas a appliquГ© cette mГ©thode pour. Instauration et remise en cause de monarchie constitutionnelle en France de 1789 Г  1792

Par ando le 18/06/15 à 04:17

Slt,aide moi svp,problГ©matique de:Expliquez les relations entre agriculture et milieu naturel

Par Lola P le 11/10/15 à 14:53

Quelle problГ©matique pourrais-je choisir pour "La guerre froide"?

(Dois-je citer le livre de AndrГ© fontaine. la guerre froide 1917 – 1991 mГЄme si elle commence officiellement en 47?)

Par Margaux le 15/12/15 à 09:30

Bonjour, je vous remercie pour cette mГ©thode miracle puisque maintenant je l'utilise pour toutes mes compos d'Histoire! Mais je suis actuellement en train de travailler sur le chapitre "Le Moyen-Orient: une foyer de conflit depuis 1918" et j'ai du mal Г  trouver un problГ©matique qui soit Г  la fois pertinente et globale.
Donc j'ai essayГ© d'appliquer la mГ©thode et je voulais vos avis:
"Comment le Moyen-Orient, espace enjeu mais conflictuel grandement influencГ© par les puissances europГ©ennes devient une rГ©gion entre guerres et espoir de paix?"

Par charline le 02/04/16 à 16:38

Bonjour, mon sujet est. Les transports en ville: sources de nuisances ou indicateurs de dГ©veloppement durable? Il faut que je trouve une problГ©matique en une seule question, enlever le "ou" et faire un lien entre les deux. Je ne trouve aucune problГ©matique..

Par simplo evan le 24/04/16 à 17:27

bonjour mon sujet est:la cote d'ivoire a tel Г©tГ© une terre vide d'homme

Devoir Sur Le Droit Objectif

DeuxiГЁme sГ©ance. Le droit objectif

(la loi et la jurisprudence)

On appelle droit objectif l’ensemble de règles de conduite s’appliquant aux individus vivant en société et dont l’inobservation enclenche des sanctions étatiques. Ces règles ont pour objectif d’organiser la vie des hommes en société et parce que ce sont des règles de droit elles ont un caractère obligatoire.

Ex. Article R25 du code de la route → priorité à droite ; Article 1382 de Code civil. « Tout fait quelconque de l’homme qui cause à autrui un dommage oblige celui par la faute duquel il est arrivé, à le réparer. »

Le droit positif, similaire au droit objectif, est l’ensemble de toutes les règles en vigueur à ce moment, il comporte également la jurisprudence, tandis que le droit objectif s’arrête aux règles dures.

Ce droit objectif s’oppose au droit subjectif qui, lui, désigne telle ou telle prérogative dont peut se prévaloir une personne par l’application à son cas des règles de conduite générale faisant partie du droit objectif.

Ex. Droit au respect de la vie privГ©e ; droit de propriГ©tГ©.

La loi est une source du droit, c’est une norme de portée générale qui est issue du Parlement. Le Parlement est constitué en France de 2 chambres. le Sénat constitué de sénateurs élus au suffrage indirect et l’Assemblée National constituée de députés élus au suffrage universel.

Le domaine du pouvoir législatif est déterminé par l’Article 34 de la Constitution, il ne peut pas légiférer dans n’importe quel domaine.

La loi est définie à l’Article 6 de la Déclaration des Droits de l’Homme et du Citoyen comme étant la volonté du peuple.

En 1804, lors de la publication du Code civil sous NapolГ©on, elle devient la norme suprГЄme. PORTALIS concГЁde Г  la loi un caractГЁre sacrГ©.

Cependant au XXГЁme siГЁcle, on peu voir un affaiblissement de la loi causГ© par diffГ©rentes sources.

- Constitution de 1958. lors de l’apparition de la Constitution de 1958, le pouvoir de la loi s’affaiblit car c’est celle-ci qui confère à la loi un domaine restreint de compétence (à l’article 34), le pouvoir général ne lui est donc pas conféré. c’est le pouvoir règlementaire qui hérite des autres domaines (comme dit à l’Article 37), soit le pouvoir exécutif.

Naît également de cette Constitution le Conseil Constitutionnel qui contrôle la conformité de la loi par rapport à la constitution. Il y a un contrôle dit a priori et a posteriori (qui répond à la Question Prioritaire de Constitutionnalité) établi par l’article 61 et 61-1 de la Constitution. Cependant ce contrôle de Constitutionnalité bien que créé en 1958 n’affirmera son rôle de Contrôle qu’à partir de la Décision de liberté d’associations de 1971.

- Inflation législative. Depuis la codification de Napoléon en 1804, de nombreuses lois sont apparues. Cette inflation a pour causes. la complexification de la société, celle-ci est prompt à réclamer de nouvelles lois. C’est également dû au fait que la loi est aujourd’hui perçue comme un instrument de communication, ce qu’elle ne devrait pas être. Cette inflation législative affaiblit donc la loi car elle menace la qualité de prévisibilité de la loi.

- La hiérarchie des normes. Elle est représenté sous la forme d’une pyramide et formulée par le théoricien dur droit Hans Kelsen. Elle place la Constitution et les traités internationaux avant les lois dans la hiérarchie. Ce qui affaiblit donc la loi.

La jurisprudence quand à elle c’est l’ensemble des décisions de justice d’où se dégagent des solutions adopté par le juge dans l’interprétation de la loi quand elle est obscure voir dans la création du droit quand il fait défaut ou appelle à complément. Elle n’est pas une source de droit mais une source d’interprétation et même lorsqu’on l’admet comme telle, c’est une source subordonnée qui ne peut jaillir que lorsque la loi présente des lacunes.

Document 1. Jean-Г‰tienne-Marie PORTALIS, extraits du Discours prГ©liminaire sur le projet du Code civil, 1801.

Portalis était un avocat, jurisconsulte et philosophe du Droit français. Sous l’Ancien Régime il devient administrateur de la Provence et également député au Conseil municipal d’Aix. Cependant, il se tient assez à l’écart des mouvements révolutionnaires. Il est tenu pour royaliste et finira emprisonné pendant la période de la Terreur. Lors du coup d’État du 18 brumaire An VIII de Napoléon Bonaparte, il se voit d’abord exilé (condamné à la déportation) où il se cache à Passy pour gagner la Suisse, puis l’Allemagne et enfin le duché d’Holstein. Il est rappelé par le Premier Consul et est nommé commissaire du gouvernement près le Conseil des prises, puis commissaire pour la rédaction du Code civil avec Bigot de Préameneu, Maleville et Tronchet et en 1800, Conseiller d’État. Portalis est un modéré, ce qui va se voir dans la rédaction du Code civil qu’on considère comme un code de transaction car conciliant les principes de l’Ancien Régime avec ceux des révolutionnaires.

Le 21 janvier 1801, Portalis prononce son discours dans lequel il expose d’abord les motifs pour l’adoption du Code civil puis la démarche. Il explique que le motif de la création de Code civil est d’unifier le droit car avant celui-ci n’était que des petites coutumes qui n’étaient jamais les mêmes et changeaient selon les provinces et le temps, il se réfère à la multiplicité et la complexité des sources.

Quel est le contexte politique du discours de Portalis.

Lors de ce discours en 1801, nous venons à peine d’adopter la Déclaration des Droits de l’Homme et du Citoyen le 26 août 1789.

Suite à la Révolution française de 1789, apparaît en septembre 1791 la Première Constitution française écrite sous la monarchie constitutionnelle de Louis XVI, à cette époque le pouvoir exécutif appartient au roi qui dispose d’un droit de veto sur les lois d’Assemblée.

À la suite de la chute de la monarchie en août 1792, La Convention va être élue au suffrage universel pour la première fois. Cette assemblée va donc écrire une nouvelle Constitution qui ne sera jamais appliqué car on entre dans la période de la Terreur jusqu’à la chute de

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Small and midsize retailers are facing problem with limited analytical resources to read the pulse of their business processes. Retailers are not able to follow up with day to day sales analysis, category analysis and brand share analysis for all the products.

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Business analytics helps to get insights from the structured data, such as sales and productivity reporting, forecasting, inventory management, market basket analysis, product affinity, customer clustering, customer segmentation, identifying trend, identifying seasonality and understanding hidden patterns for loss prevention and store administration.

Analytical techniques such as statistical analysis, data analysis and analytical tools help in understanding patterns and trends within large databases. When we use them for creating analytical models, they provide the edge to decision making. While descriptive analysis helps to identify issues and examine causes, predictive analytics enhances the accuracy and effectiveness of decision making process.

Some analyses applicable to retailers are:

1. Reporting and Sales Analysis
2. Predictive Analysis
3. Inventory Management
4. Promotion-Effectiveness Analysis
5. Demand Forecasting
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Predictive analytics helps a retail organization to enhance its decision making powers by looking at the future with analytical rigidity. Predictive analytics holds the key to taking advantage of these opportunities such that retailers can increase their ability to forecast their customer’s behaviour and plan accordingly. Data analytics capabilities cover a number of possible analyses, using statistical software such as SPSS, SAS, Excel and Minitab.

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In the constantly changing competitive business environment, informed and intelligent decisions are the centre stage for every business organization. Data analytics and statistical techniques help to make business decisions and provide valuable insights to an organization.

Data Analytics is the science of playing with sales numbers to arrive at logical decisions by slicing and dicing the data to understand patterns and correlations that could give the company a competitive edge.

Retailers need to analyze various strategies surrounding merchandizing, pricing, promotion, markup and markdown to be able to make the right decision. Statistical and mathematical techniques are used to analyze current and historical data to make predictions about future events. The patterns found in historical and transactional data is used to identify risks and opportunities.

Data analytics gives a summary on top performers, bottom performers, key value items, sales performance, forecasting, trend and seasonality. Inventory management analysis helps a retailer to keep minimum inventory without running out of stock. Analytical team use the power of advanced statistical software, super computers and sophisticated mathematics to give actionable insights to the customer. Advanced mathematical techniques, formulas and statistical methods are used to predict the future demand of a product. This analysis considers the impact of holiday, seasonality and trend effect.

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o Customer profitability analysis
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o RFM Analysis

An analytical process can take care of data preparation, modelling activities and generates reports. Analytics provide actionable and powerful decision insights. These decisions are required for developing and maintaining profitable customer relationships. Retail reports give powerful insights and actionable analytics to the desks of retail managers and analysts in real time.

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This entry was posted on Tuesday, February 23rd, 2010 at 4:20 pm and is filed under ActiveData News Blog. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. Both comments and pings are currently closed.

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Our experienced managers will assign the most competent and qualified writer to work on your project (note that you can specify a particular writer in the order form).

3. Preliminary research.

The writer does the research, studies any supplied sources or locates other pertinent information.

4. The write-up is on the way.

Our writer will type your paper in Microsoft Word® using proper in-text citations. If your project requires graphs, tables, slides, spreadsheets or images, other applications may be used (Microsoft Excel(.XLS), Powerpoint (.PPT), Adobe Acrobat (.PDF) or imaging software.)

5. Plagiarism scan.

We scan all drafts for plagiarism electronically. Please note that we use a proprietory system and do not submit the content to any third party.

6. The final draft arrives.

Once the writer uploads the finished paper, the file will be e-mailed to you immediately. You can also download all files through the Client Lounge area at all times.

8. Revisions and rewrites (optional)

In case the writer failed to follow your instructions in their entirety, you should request a revision (log in to your account to do that). All revisions are free of charge. In special cases, you can even request a new writer, but be sure to report any problems to the management first (support center).

Here you can easily hire a private writer in as early as 5 minutes. With 200+ writers available 24/7. we can help with any written assignment (from simple essays to dissertations).
Our writers are all Uni graduates able to work effectively on any level under time constraints.
Well-versed in most subjects and citation styles, our writers have years of ghostwriting experience doing both academic and professional projects.

Placing an order is a snap. You enter your details and deadline and get a personal writer who works with you on a one-to-one personal level until you are happy with the finished product.
Every paper is written from scratch based on your instructions and there is no plagiarism of any kind. Plus, we guarantee free unlimited revisions.
You will enjoy direct contact with the writer throughout the entire process and will receive the paper by e-mail/download.

All content will be 100% original and there will be no plagiarism. Any outside info will be properly cited.
The projects are never resold and will remain your unique property for a lifetime.
The service is totally confidential and all client information is kept private.
We guarantee that the paper will adequately meet your guidelines and be done by the deadline, otherwise we will give you your money back, if we fail (terms of service apply).

  • 10+ years of experience in paper writing
  • Any assignment on any level. Any deadline!
  • Open 24/7 Your essay will be done on time!
  • 200+ essay writers. Live Chat. Great support
  • No Plagiarism. Satisfaction. Confidentiality.

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Choose our custom writing service. Get the cream of your academic life.

Every brilliant career requires inventive solutions that brighten up your life… as well as a lot of repetitive hard work. Why add custom essays to your plan for the next month? Give them to the professionals of the leading essay writing service who see your dull tasks as bright challenges!

Our secrets of successful custom writing

This is simple. Everything an average student can do, experienced academic writers can do better! They just enjoy meeting and exceeding your expectations.

One more secret is that for us, you are not average. Every one of your wishes regarding the order matters for the writers.
Not only is their production original, but also customized to your personal studying needs.

We know the ins and outs of creating a custom essay

What is custom writing?

Specify your subject, style, academic level, and language standard. Receive the essay in line with these parameters. This is how custom writing works.

Custom writing also means setting a price according to the order’s urgency and complexity level.

Custom writing means originality.

Custom writing means a serious business with high standards.

What is OUR custom writing?

Our custom writing means getting excellent model papers completed by Master’s and Ph.D. degree holders. Such papers are a sure way to the highest marks.

Custom writing with Samedayessay.org means that you receive your order timely regardless of its urgency. Even if you need your order in 6-hour time limit. You also pay less due to discounts.

  • 15% discount for first-time buyers;
  • 5% of each order cost as a store credit for next orders.

Our custom writing is 100% plagiarism-free and based on up-to-date references only.

The team of writers cooperates with the squad of proficient editors and friendly support representatives to deliver you non-stop service.

Moreover, our work ethic adds several useful guarantees to this timely essay writing help:

  • Satisfaction guarantee – a perfect service that makes our customers happy is our ultimate goal.
  • Guaranteed 2-week revision. Whenever you feel that the writer could cope with the instruction better, give a chance to him or her. It’s absolutely free!
  • 100% money back guarantee – just another powerful motivator for our writers!
  • No hidden charges – a fair policy is essential for our relation with the customers.
  • Loyalty policy – book your preferred writers without extra fees.

A super beneficial offer for every customer

Due to the high quality of the essays we provide, our clients recommend our custom writing service to their mates. So we can afford charging our clients less since almost nothing is spent on advertising. The price of your order usually depends on several factors:

  • Size (you can get essays of any length, not to mention dissertations and any other kind of assignments)
  • Field of study (as some specialists are scarce)
  • Urgency (we can complete your custom essay even in a couple of hours, but, of course, it will affect the price).
  • Level of difficulty (high school, college or university)
  • Number of sources (i.e. depth of research)

Our essay writing service keeps prices affordable so it’s never heavy on your pocket.

One more attractive feature of this service – unbelievable speed of delivery

The world is changing every day, calling us to adapt. We help our clients submit papers on time by the incredible organization of our in-office team and utmost responsible squad of freelancers! Samedayessay.org is famous for rendering its essay writing services with no delays!

Writing. Editing. Customizing. A wide range of personalized writing solutions. 10+ years of experience.
1 003 243 Students Already Used Our Help

Custom essay written according to your requirements

We are proud of ensuring individual approach to every customer who needs our help. We are convinced that high-quality custom essays written by our experts are the key to your academic success. So, if you have problems with any type of this popular assignment, you need just to specify the requirements, and our professional writer will complete a custom essay according to your demands within the timeframe you set.

Custom essay writing presupposes a profound research on the given topic. Fortunately, all our writers have degrees in one or several scientific areas. You will be definitely assigned a pro in the field. Moreover, all experts are familiar with reference styles and formatting of all existing academic assignments. It helps them to create the best custom essays for our dear clients around the globe. So, don’t hesitate, place your order now!

What Makes Grademiners the Best Essay Writing Service

There is a whole big bunch of essay writing services, which claim to solve all your problems.

But we know what makes a truly great writing service, right? It’s a guarantee of timely delivery, high quality of writing, communication between clients and writers, and affordable prices. Meeting the deadline is one of the main requirements for any paper — so our essay writing service guarantees that you get your essay before the deadline. We also believe that clients and writers should communicate with each other. Use our messaging platform to discuss and control the writing process.

Grademiners is a relatively cheap essay writing service. A lot of juicy features come absolutely for free, for example, 2 weeks of revisions. Whenever you feel that your essay misses something, you can send us a free revision request, and your writer will provide all the corrections. Want a winning paper? Order from the best essay writing service where true professionals work!

Enjoy free features — exclusively on Grademiners.com

Papers delivered on time

No matter when your deadline is, you can trust us with your papers — we’ll deliver them right on time. We’ll find you a writer who will do your assignment the fastest & best.

Communication with your write

Stay in touch with your writer. Discuss your paper’s details via our messaging system. Check and modify it at any stage, from an outline to the final version.

2 weeks of free revisions

Enjoy unlimited free revisions for 2 weeks after you’ve received your paper. Have your paper edited by your writer as many times as you need, until it’s perfect.

24/7 friendly support

Get timely and professional assistance from our Support team. They will gladly answer all your questions and resolve any issues, if you ever have any.

How can I get my order?

Will your essay writer write my essay the way I need it?

Professional essay writers are alike. They come and solve the problems when you are too busy to do it on your own. So, if you’re feeling too overloaded with endless assignments and tasks from your professors, it may be a good idea to allow essay writers for hire to take your writing worries away.

  • To facilitate your academic activity, we’ve created a service that is aimed to meet all your academic needs. Most importantly, our team makes 100% original college essay writing. We can create a completely original paper for you that is sure to meet all your instructions.
  • The other thing is a friendly support team. If only you have any unanswered questions, or just need a warm conversation, feel free to call our support, working for you 24/7. Be sure that every “write my essay” order is treated with an individual approach by our professionals.
  • Our papers are composed by experienced writers. Moreover, we offer you an unlimited number of revisions within two weeks that are absolutely free.
  • In addition, you have the opportunity of communicating with your writer. You can easily exchange messages with your personal essay writer and give him all the instructions.
  • As a result, you receive a completely unique argumentative paper created by a professional college essay writer. So why wait? Order your paper now! Ordering in advance gives your writer more chances to create an essay that you’ll love. Don’t hesitate! Rely on our help now.

How to find the best expert who can write essay for me?

When you’re looking for essay writers online, thinking “Who can write essay for me?”, you’re expecting a helping hand able to deal with many types of works. If so, right you are. A good essay writer is a person capable of making a profound research keeping in mind all the requests given; ideally, in no time. That’s why, we select academic experts very carefully.

All our writers own Master’s or Ph.D. degrees. They’re experienced in academic writing and are willing to help you get down to business.

All the things mentioned above make you convinced that choosing essay writers online is not a nightmare anymore. On the contrary, you obtain help from an individual you’d probably recommend to a friend saying: "This person can write essay for me."

Decent prices for excellent papers

Working with cheap essay writers may cause lower quality of the order. That is why, it is extremely important to find a good writer you can talk to on the way. While a cheap essay writing service may offer a narrow set of guarantees and services, we decided to give you as much as we can.

So here, you get money guarantees, prompt help of experienced open and quality qualified writers and the best essay writing online service.

It has become so easy to find a person who’ll handle your written task. “A” essay is closer than you think while no one can ensure the exact mark. At the same time, we hope you’ll be satisfied with the work. Just tell us all you want to see in your paper in the order form, take control over the writing process, and get your unique custom paper.

Buy essay online and get quality essay help from our experts

If you search for a professional essay help, you definitely need to consider our company. Here, on our website, you can buy essay online at a fast clip. What you need to do is to fill out the order form, make payment, and in a couple of minutes, you will get your personal essay helper. The process is very simple. But if you still have any problems or questions about how to buy an essay on our website, you can address our guys from support team who will gladly instruct you.

When you buy essay from us, you are sure to enjoy individual approach because essay help provided by our writers is always customized according to your requirements. You need just to specify all the demands for the work and indicate the deadline. Then your helper will start to write your assignment. Of course, if you want, you can communicate with your writer using the message board. If you have any recommendations concerning the literature to be used for research, you are welcome to share it. Need a draft? Your writer will gladly provide it. So, for a successful submission, buy essays online here!

Custom research paper for sale from our experts

If you need a professional research paper help, our company can offer you all-round writing services. We have a base of top experts in research paper writing who have all necessary knowledge and skills to complete a custom paper for you. You can be sure that no matter what subject or topic of your paper is, we can provide a true professional to do research for you. All you need is specify you demands and make payment. Just after that, a personal writer assigned to your order will get down to work.

As distinct from other online companies, our research paper service cannot be considered expensive, we offer comparatively cheap research papers as well as essays for sale. Our prices are affordable for the majority of students. Moreover, we have a lot of discounts offered to the new and returning clients as well. With our referral and loyalty programs, our dear customers obtain bonuses to order services of a top paper writer even cheaper.

Term papers from the best custom writing company

When it comes to term papers help, our company is a true leader in this area. We understand that this academic paper is very important for our customers. That is why we pay much attention to the expertise of our experts ensuring term paper service for you. Our writers have to undergo testing on their knowledge of English stylistics and grammar rules. They also have to provide a diploma confirming their specialization in the field.

After that, they face the last challenge: we ask them to complete a sample of a paper to check their skills in academic writing. If they prove their excellent expertise, we hire them. So, you can rest assured that term paper writing help you order will be delivered by a pro. By the way, if you like the work of any of our writers, you can enter his/her ID, and this expert will be assigned to your next order.

Dissertation writing service tailored to your needs

GradeMiners.com is among the few companies offering quality dissertation help. Apart from ordinary MA writers, we have experts holding Ph.D. degrees. They gladly tackle orders for custom dissertation writing. As it is one of the most difficult academic papers, writers usually need to receive precise and clear requirements as well as communicate with a customer.

Our policy allows communication between dissertation writer and a customer because we are sure that it will work towards making the paper more customized. Moreover, the client is aware of the progress of paper completion, and he/she is more satisfied with a result. If you order from us, on your demand, you can get a draft of your paper to make sure your writer is headed in the right direction.

Get your papers created by real professionals!

Custom Essay Writing Service

If writing an essay got complicated and you are looking to buy a custom essay, PrimeWritings.com is available to help you 24/7. We are happy to deliver the kind of writing our customers are looking for!

PrimeWritings.com is a company that delivers high quality writing services at a mutually convenient time. Our writings are authentic and free from plagiarism. We employ a team of professional writers who are fluent in any writing style. Regardless of the assignment, you can be certain to get the work of the top quality.

PrimeWritings.com Writing Service:

  • We help you to get excellent grades
  • We work hard to meet your deadline
  • You have the opportunity to track the status of your order

Original Custom Writing

We always check our papers for plagiarised content to ensure that your paper was properly cited and written from scratch. You do not have to waste your time anymore because we work for your convenience.

There might be a time when too many assignments pile up and buying an essay is a time saver. After ordering a paper from us, you can use your time to focus on something of more importance.

Remember, you can always contact us with any concerns you might have. Feel free to submit a revision request, if necessary.

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Custom essay written according to your requirements

We are proud of ensuring individual approach to every customer who needs our help. We are convinced that high-quality custom essays written by our experts are the key to your academic success. So, if you have problems with any type of this popular assignment, you need just to specify the requirements, and our professional writer will complete a custom essay according to your demands within the timeframe you set.

Custom essay writing presupposes a profound research on the given topic. Fortunately, all our writers have degrees in one or several scientific areas. You will be definitely assigned a pro in the field. Moreover, all experts are familiar with reference styles and formatting of all existing academic assignments. It helps them to create the best custom essays for our dear clients around the globe. So, don’t hesitate, place your order now!

What Makes Grademiners the Best Essay Writing Service

There is a whole big bunch of essay writing services, which claim to solve all your problems.

But we know what makes a truly great writing service, right? It’s a guarantee of timely delivery, high quality of writing, communication between clients and writers, and affordable prices. Meeting the deadline is one of the main requirements for any paper — so our essay writing service guarantees that you get your essay before the deadline. We also believe that clients and writers should communicate with each other. Use our messaging platform to discuss and control the writing process.

Grademiners is a relatively cheap essay writing service. A lot of juicy features come absolutely for free, for example, 2 weeks of revisions. Whenever you feel that your essay misses something, you can send us a free revision request, and your writer will provide all the corrections. Want a winning paper? Order from the best essay writing service where true professionals work!

Enjoy free features — exclusively on Grademiners.com

Papers delivered on time

No matter when your deadline is, you can trust us with your papers — we’ll deliver them right on time. We’ll find you a writer who will do your assignment the fastest & best.

Communication with your write

Stay in touch with your writer. Discuss your paper’s details via our messaging system. Check and modify it at any stage, from an outline to the final version.

2 weeks of free revisions

Enjoy unlimited free revisions for 2 weeks after you’ve received your paper. Have your paper edited by your writer as many times as you need, until it’s perfect.

24/7 friendly support

Get timely and professional assistance from our Support team. They will gladly answer all your questions and resolve any issues, if you ever have any.

How can I get my order?

Will your essay writer write my essay the way I need it?

Professional essay writers are alike. They come and solve the problems when you are too busy to do it on your own. So, if you’re feeling too overloaded with endless assignments and tasks from your professors, it may be a good idea to allow essay writers for hire to take your writing worries away.

  • To facilitate your academic activity, we’ve created a service that is aimed to meet all your academic needs. Most importantly, our team makes 100% original college essay writing. We can create a completely original paper for you that is sure to meet all your instructions.
  • The other thing is a friendly support team. If only you have any unanswered questions, or just need a warm conversation, feel free to call our support, working for you 24/7. Be sure that every “write my essay” order is treated with an individual approach by our professionals.
  • Our papers are composed by experienced writers. Moreover, we offer you an unlimited number of revisions within two weeks that are absolutely free.
  • In addition, you have the opportunity of communicating with your writer. You can easily exchange messages with your personal essay writer and give him all the instructions.
  • As a result, you receive a completely unique argumentative paper created by a professional college essay writer. So why wait? Order your paper now! Ordering in advance gives your writer more chances to create an essay that you’ll love. Don’t hesitate! Rely on our help now.

How to find the best expert who can write essay for me?

When you’re looking for essay writers online, thinking “Who can write essay for me?”, you’re expecting a helping hand able to deal with many types of works. If so, right you are. A good essay writer is a person capable of making a profound research keeping in mind all the requests given; ideally, in no time. That’s why, we select academic experts very carefully.

All our writers own Master’s or Ph.D. degrees. They’re experienced in academic writing and are willing to help you get down to business.

All the things mentioned above make you convinced that choosing essay writers online is not a nightmare anymore. On the contrary, you obtain help from an individual you’d probably recommend to a friend saying: "This person can write essay for me."

Decent prices for excellent papers

Working with cheap essay writers may cause lower quality of the order. That is why, it is extremely important to find a good writer you can talk to on the way. While a cheap essay writing service may offer a narrow set of guarantees and services, we decided to give you as much as we can.

So here, you get money guarantees, prompt help of experienced open and quality qualified writers and the best essay writing online service.

It has become so easy to find a person who’ll handle your written task. “A” essay is closer than you think while no one can ensure the exact mark. At the same time, we hope you’ll be satisfied with the work. Just tell us all you want to see in your paper in the order form, take control over the writing process, and get your unique custom paper.

Buy essay online and get quality essay help from our experts

If you search for a professional essay help, you definitely need to consider our company. Here, on our website, you can buy essay online at a fast clip. What you need to do is to fill out the order form, make payment, and in a couple of minutes, you will get your personal essay helper. The process is very simple. But if you still have any problems or questions about how to buy an essay on our website, you can address our guys from support team who will gladly instruct you.

When you buy essay from us, you are sure to enjoy individual approach because essay help provided by our writers is always customized according to your requirements. You need just to specify all the demands for the work and indicate the deadline. Then your helper will start to write your assignment. Of course, if you want, you can communicate with your writer using the message board. If you have any recommendations concerning the literature to be used for research, you are welcome to share it. Need a draft? Your writer will gladly provide it. So, for a successful submission, buy essays online here!

Custom research paper for sale from our experts

If you need a professional research paper help, our company can offer you all-round writing services. We have a base of top experts in research paper writing who have all necessary knowledge and skills to complete a custom paper for you. You can be sure that no matter what subject or topic of your paper is, we can provide a true professional to do research for you. All you need is specify you demands and make payment. Just after that, a personal writer assigned to your order will get down to work.

As distinct from other online companies, our research paper service cannot be considered expensive, we offer comparatively cheap research papers as well as essays for sale. Our prices are affordable for the majority of students. Moreover, we have a lot of discounts offered to the new and returning clients as well. With our referral and loyalty programs, our dear customers obtain bonuses to order services of a top paper writer even cheaper.

Term papers from the best custom writing company

When it comes to term papers help, our company is a true leader in this area. We understand that this academic paper is very important for our customers. That is why we pay much attention to the expertise of our experts ensuring term paper service for you. Our writers have to undergo testing on their knowledge of English stylistics and grammar rules. They also have to provide a diploma confirming their specialization in the field.

After that, they face the last challenge: we ask them to complete a sample of a paper to check their skills in academic writing. If they prove their excellent expertise, we hire them. So, you can rest assured that term paper writing help you order will be delivered by a pro. By the way, if you like the work of any of our writers, you can enter his/her ID, and this expert will be assigned to your next order.

Dissertation writing service tailored to your needs

GradeMiners.com is among the few companies offering quality dissertation help. Apart from ordinary MA writers, we have experts holding Ph.D. degrees. They gladly tackle orders for custom dissertation writing. As it is one of the most difficult academic papers, writers usually need to receive precise and clear requirements as well as communicate with a customer.

Our policy allows communication between dissertation writer and a customer because we are sure that it will work towards making the paper more customized. Moreover, the client is aware of the progress of paper completion, and he/she is more satisfied with a result. If you order from us, on your demand, you can get a draft of your paper to make sure your writer is headed in the right direction.

Get your papers created by real professionals!

Choose our custom writing service. Get the cream of your academic life.

Every brilliant career requires inventive solutions that brighten up your life… as well as a lot of repetitive hard work. Why add custom essays to your plan for the next month? Give them to the professionals of the leading essay writing service who see your dull tasks as bright challenges!

Our secrets of successful custom writing

This is simple. Everything an average student can do, experienced academic writers can do better! They just enjoy meeting and exceeding your expectations.

One more secret is that for us, you are not average. Every one of your wishes regarding the order matters for the writers.
Not only is their production original, but also customized to your personal studying needs.

We know the ins and outs of creating a custom essay

What is custom writing?

Specify your subject, style, academic level, and language standard. Receive the essay in line with these parameters. This is how custom writing works.

Custom writing also means setting a price according to the order’s urgency and complexity level.

Custom writing means originality.

Custom writing means a serious business with high standards.

What is OUR custom writing?

Our custom writing means getting excellent model papers completed by Master’s and Ph.D. degree holders. Such papers are a sure way to the highest marks.

Custom writing with Samedayessay.org means that you receive your order timely regardless of its urgency. Even if you need your order in 6-hour time limit. You also pay less due to discounts.

  • 15% discount for first-time buyers;
  • 5% of each order cost as a store credit for next orders.

Our custom writing is 100% plagiarism-free and based on up-to-date references only.

The team of writers cooperates with the squad of proficient editors and friendly support representatives to deliver you non-stop service.

Moreover, our work ethic adds several useful guarantees to this timely essay writing help:

  • Satisfaction guarantee – a perfect service that makes our customers happy is our ultimate goal.
  • Guaranteed 2-week revision. Whenever you feel that the writer could cope with the instruction better, give a chance to him or her. It’s absolutely free!
  • 100% money back guarantee – just another powerful motivator for our writers!
  • No hidden charges – a fair policy is essential for our relation with the customers.
  • Loyalty policy – book your preferred writers without extra fees.

A super beneficial offer for every customer

Due to the high quality of the essays we provide, our clients recommend our custom writing service to their mates. So we can afford charging our clients less since almost nothing is spent on advertising. The price of your order usually depends on several factors:

  • Size (you can get essays of any length, not to mention dissertations and any other kind of assignments)
  • Field of study (as some specialists are scarce)
  • Urgency (we can complete your custom essay even in a couple of hours, but, of course, it will affect the price).
  • Level of difficulty (high school, college or university)
  • Number of sources (i.e. depth of research)

Our essay writing service keeps prices affordable so it’s never heavy on your pocket.

One more attractive feature of this service – unbelievable speed of delivery

The world is changing every day, calling us to adapt. We help our clients submit papers on time by the incredible organization of our in-office team and utmost responsible squad of freelancers! Samedayessay.org is famous for rendering its essay writing services with no delays!

Writing. Editing. Customizing. A wide range of personalized writing solutions. 10+ years of experience.
1 003 243 Students Already Used Our Help

Custom Essay Writing Service

If writing an essay got complicated and you are looking to buy a custom essay, PrimeWritings.com is available to help you 24/7. We are happy to deliver the kind of writing our customers are looking for!

PrimeWritings.com is a company that delivers high quality writing services at a mutually convenient time. Our writings are authentic and free from plagiarism. We employ a team of professional writers who are fluent in any writing style. Regardless of the assignment, you can be certain to get the work of the top quality.

PrimeWritings.com Writing Service:

  • We help you to get excellent grades
  • We work hard to meet your deadline
  • You have the opportunity to track the status of your order

Original Custom Writing

We always check our papers for plagiarised content to ensure that your paper was properly cited and written from scratch. You do not have to waste your time anymore because we work for your convenience.

There might be a time when too many assignments pile up and buying an essay is a time saver. After ordering a paper from us, you can use your time to focus on something of more importance.

Remember, you can always contact us with any concerns you might have. Feel free to submit a revision request, if necessary.

phd thesis remote sensing gis

The GIC

Mission

The goal of the Geographic Information Centre (GIC) is to actively support the teaching, learning and research activities of McGill University in the areas of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Remote Sensing (RS).

It is our pleasure to welcome you to the new 2015-2016 academic year. We start our fourth year highly motivated and excited about continuing our support of different projects, providing an excellent space for students to work in GIS and RS and developing new collaborations. We are an ESRI Centre for Excellence (ECCE). together with other five universities in Canada: University of Victoria, University of Waterloo, McMaster University, Simon Fraser University, and Dalhousie University. This distinction provides students and Faculty with opportunities such as participation in ESRI Webinars and training, facilitated access to support with ESRI tools like Story Maps and ESRI conference participation.

As part of our training objectives, this year we will have free drop-in workshops on Fridays (2-3 hours) with topics covering basic mapping, Python, and RS for beginners, among others. We will continue working closely with McGill Libraries in order to guide GIS and RS data requests that commonly come to our front desk service.

Please keep visiting us at gic.geog.mcgill.ca for GIS news and events carried out by the Centre, such as GIS Day (November 16, 2016), courses and others.

Opening Hours

Please check the GIC’s opening hours for the fall 2016 and winter 2017. During opening hours we are glad to support for your GIS and remote sensing needs. We highly recommend users to make an appointment through gicsupport@mcgill.ca for specific projects (M.Sc or PhD) since we might not have the time to deal with “urgent” requests on a walk-in basis. Front desk people in the GIC don’t answer or solve assignment questions from students. For help with GIS/RS courses students should address their questions to the TA or course professor.

Outside opening hours, it is possible to request after-hour access for members of the McGill community in need of the facility (specifically for GIS and RS work) by emailing us at gicsupport@mcgill.ca. Students need a request from a faculty member on their behalf. The GIC can rescind this access at any time if deemed necessary.

On the weekends, the Burnside Hall is closed to the public, but it is accessible to the McGill community with a valid McGill id card that has been programmed for after hours access.

The GIC team

TBA – GIC Director

Ablajan Sulaiman – Research Assistant

PhD. Montreal University. Canada. Geography. Advisor:Dr. Christopher BryantThesis:”Regional Economic Development, Policy and Regional Disparity in Large Territories: The Case of Canada and China”.

M.Sc. Xinjiang Normal University. China. Geography. Thesis:”The Study of Sustainable Development of Bugur County ”

B.Sc. Xinjiang Normal University. China. Geography. Thesis:”Proper Exploitation and Utilization of Xinjiang Natural Resources”

Interests : GIS Application, Web GIS, Comparative Data Analysis.

Ruilan Shi – Chief GIS technician

Master of Urban Planning (MUP)– McGill University -School of Urban Planning. Advisors: Jeanne Mary Wolfe and David Brown . Thesis Title. Spatial Analysis of Urbanization in Greater Montreal.

Bachelor of Economics – Renmin University, China. Advisor: Zhenyuan Zheng. These title: Development of Cultivated Land in China, Past, Current and Future.

Area of expertise . Provide support for GIS courses in Geography Department; maintain McGill University campus site license of ESRI GIS software; provide technical help for the students on using ArcGIS in McGill community; make professional maps.

Dipto Sarkar – Interim Research Assistant

Department of Geography

Geneviève Reid– Interim Research Assistant

Looking for GIS data?

For GIS data and maps please refer to the library’s GIS guide at GIS Guide .The McGill Library holds a significant collection of maps, atlases, air photos, satellites imagery, and data covering the greater Montreal region, the province of Quebec, Canada, and the rest of the world. The GIS guide provides an easy way to access McGill’s geospatial data collections, as well as open GIS data resources. The data is organised into categories for easy searching. To request licensed data that is not directly available from the library website, please fill in the data request form at Data Request

Questions?

Background

During the last decade we are witnessing a global climate change leading to high frequency of disasters as hurricanes, droughts, forest fires, landslides, forest decline, insect outbreaks or floods. This situation requires to develop a decision support systems (DSS) for risks and damage assessment helping in next step to adapt appropriate forest management planning strategies. Hence the importance of forest DSS are remote sensing technologies and GIS, but their implementation into forest practice still could be more widely and more efficiently than in the past. At the same time, in the field of forestry applications, a significant number of new remote sensing sensors and platforms delivering 2D and 3D very high resolution data, as well as far advanced automated data processing methods (like GEOBIA) were developed and are used for forest applications. Some of the state of the art sensors and technical solutions will be available very soon on the RS market (like Sentinel-2) or, are announced for the upcoming months (e.g. WorldView-4).

Aims of the Workshop

The 3 rd Workshop of the Special Interest Group on Forestry aims at setting up the common forum for the environment research community and people involved in the forestry sector, where both the operational techniques as well as developing methodologies can be presented and understood in order to improve the inventory methods, monitoring and management or protection practices used in the forests. The workshop will serve as a forum:

  • to demonstrate the potential of the new generation of platforms, sensors and software,
  • to present state of the art methods of data processing and integration,
  • to evaluate both benefits and limitations of the new technologies, and
  • to discuss future needs of forest related research sector and end-users.

We are planning to offer young researches and Young Scientist the opportunity to exchange their knowledge and participate in lectures, practical demonstrations (like UAV flight campaign) and software/data processing trainings as well. This activity is planed as Summer School “Advanced geomatics in modern forestry” (12-14 September, 2016) organizing just before the 3 rd Workshop SIG on Forestry.

Topics

Proposed papers and posters should focus on following topics:

  • from 2D to 3D forest inventory/planning using digital Photogrammetry – image based stereo-matching; LiDAR (ALS, TLS, MLS) and Radar;
  • forest change: 4D time detection of multi-temporal and multi-source information;
  • forest mapping technologies using very high ground resolution imageries;
  • applications of hyperspectral sensors (hand held, UAV, aircraft, spaceborne applications);
  • automation of data processing (e.g. GEOBIA, LiDAR classification and vegetation metrics);
  • state-of-the-art remote sensing technologies: spaceborne satellite sensors, UAV-LiDAR and hyperspectral mapping, TLS, etc.;
  • multi-source RS data integration;
  • mapping of forest decline/degradation/disasters;
  • modeling application on forest biomass;
  • monitoring of protected forests, biodiversity and forest services – related image analysis.

Deadlines

Important Dates:

The deadline of Early Bird Registration was shifted from July 15, 2016 to July 25, 2016.

Registration

Registration is now open for the 3 rd Workshop SIG on Forestry / YSDoF
“Breaking dimensions and resolutions of forest remote sensing data”
15-16 September 2016

Registration: Conference Tool

Abstract submission: closed

The deadline of Early Bird Registration was shifted from July 15, 2016 to July 25, 2016.

The 3 rd Workshop SIG on Forestry / YSDoF is coming and we are working on preparation some gifts for you. One of them is the commemorative T-Shirt. Thus we would like to ask you for choosing the best t-shirt size for you:
Your T-Shirt Size

Paper submission

Following the acceptance of the abstract and your registration at the Conference Tool authors are welcome to submit full papers, extending the submitted abstract, to be considered for publication at a special issue of the EARSeL eProceedings or the European Journal of Remote Sensing, both official Journals of EARSeL. Please select the SIG Forestry special issue.

The papers will be reviewed following the normal peer review process of each Journal. The full papers should be submitted no later than October 30, 2016.

A few words about the Journals by the Editors:

  • EARSeL eProceedings is the Open Access Remote Sensing Journal published by the European Association of Remote Sensing Laboratories (EARSeL). The Journal is devoted to peer-reviewed scientific publications in all fields of Earth observation and remote sensing. Submission of original contributions and review papers are welcome. EARSeL eProceedings is a rapid publication journal and aims to minimise the time between submission and publication. Accepted contributions shall be published no later than 6 months after submission.
    Participants of the 3rd EARSeL SIG on Forestry are invited to submit their manuscripts for publication in a Special Issue of EARSeL eProceedings related to the Workshop.
  • Thanks to the cooperation with the Italian Society of Remote Sensing, a special issue (10-15 original papers of high scientific value) at the European Journal of Remote Sensing (EuJRS) will be also organized. The EuJRS is on-line and open-access with IF=1.3.
    Authors interested in submitting a paper to the EuJRS special issue should follow the procedure described on the Journal’s web page at www.aitjournal.com . follow the register link or just log-in if you are registered already.
    During the submission procedure (start: Sept. 30, 2016). authors will be instructed to indicate that the paper is for a special issue by entering “EARSeL Forestry 2016 Special Issue″ in the “section” field. After submission the normal peer-review process will be followed. Accepted papers will be published as soon as possible. The time between submission and publication will be influenced mainly by the length of the review process. All submissions to the EuJRS must be received by Oct. 30, 2016.

    Thematic Abstract Sessions (TAS) and General Poster Session (GPS)

    If your abstract was accepted to be presented during the Thematic Abstract Sessions (TAS) and General Poster Session (GPS), please email your PowerPoint slide to sigonforestry@gmail.com by Wednesday September 14th at 11:59 pm Central European Time (CET). Please ensure your slide follows the guidelines listed on the website: If you have issues with your email, please come to the registration desk with a USB containing your slide between 7:30-8:20 am on Thursday September 15th.

    The amount of oral presentations become quite limited, so during the Plenary Session’s (PS). there will be talks given only by Invited Speakers and Lecturers.

    All abstracts (which have been positively verified by evaluators) will be presented as a short 2-3 min. presentation (please be so kind and download the Layout) during the so called – Thematic Abstract Sessions (TAS_1, TAS_2 or TAS_3) and as traditional hard-copy poster during General Poster Session (GPS).

    The TAS – will be a large interactive session’s at Thursday (Sept. 15,2016) that consist of the short 2-3 min. oral presentations using the digital presentation layout (*.pptx, *.pptx). etc. shared with you by the organizers (Download area). At Friday there will be another General Poster Session (GPS) where you will present the hard-copies of your poster (print yourself and bring to Krakow).

    A poster presenter must put his/her poster on the assigned poster board in the Poster Area (PA) during the entire Workshop (you can start to mount posters at Wednesday Sept. 14). During the TAS an author of a poster-will present his or her abstract in a 2-3 min. oral presentation using the unified Layout. A wide screen assistance will be available. Please note that moderators will be very strict with the time of the presentations. Abstracts will be presented in thematic groups (see Programme of TAS) and then the discussion with the presenters will take place by the poster boards on Friday Sept. 16, 2016 (GPS; Upper Hall 1).

    TAS
    From here you can download the standard 1 page PowerPoint presentation of your 2-3 minutes abstract/poster talk during the Thematic Session Abstract (TAS). Please be so kind and send to us via e-mail (sigonforestry@gmail.com) your ready presentation as *. PPT or *.PPTX file. We will accept only 1 page.
    (some restrictions: title of e-mail: TAS; the name of the attached file: Abstract ID_LastName.ppt).

    GPS (General Poster Session)
    During the General Poster Session (GPS) you are invited to your poster for presentation and discussion. At least one of the authors must be present during the session, and be ready to interact with attendees while standing close to their poster presentation. If one author represents a team that wrote the paper, that person should be capable of responding to questions concerning all aspects of the presented research.

    Poster format and Layout
    The poster size should be A-0 portrait format (width: 841mm and height: 1189 mm). Please keep in mind, that our poster boards cannot accommodate larger posters, or posters in landscape format. You will get the assistance of our “poster-staff” who will bring appropriate materials to affix your poster to the poster boards. There is no need to bring your own adhesives. There is no any layout for printed form of the poster you present. Feel free with layout but keep the size and orientation of the poster.

    Poster mounting and dismounting
    Posters may be mounted on Wednesday Sept. 14. (5:00 PM – 09:00 PM) or at Thursday, Sept. 15, between 7:30 AM – 5:00 PM. Please locate first your poster number on the poster wall (check the ID of your abstract). All posters must be removed immediately after the Plenary Session 6 or after the Closing Session (Friday Sept. 16, 2016 afternoon).

    Here you will find an example of the short presentation during TAS.

    Please check the new version of the Programme (on-line)

    Programme of 3rd Workshop SIG on Forestry/YSDoF

    Organizing Committee

    • Piotr WД™Ејyk, UR, Krakow, Poland – Chairman of the SIG on Forestry, EARSeL
    • Marta Szostak, UR, Krakow, Poland
    • Katarzyna Ostapowicz, UJ, Krakow, Poland
    • Anna Zmarz, UW, Warszawa, Poland
    • PaweЕ‚ HawryЕ‚o, UR, Krakow, Poland – Chairman of the Summer School
    • Karolina ZiД™ba, UR, Krakow, Poland
    • Krzysztof StereЕ„czak, IBL, Warsaw, Poland
    • Anna JarociЕ„ska, UW, Warsaw, Poland
    • Adrian Ochtyra, UW, Warsaw, Poland – Chairman of the Young Scientist Days on Forestry (YSDoF)
    • Megan O’Shea, UW, Seattle, Washington, USA

    Scientific Committee

    • Krzysztof BД™dkowski, Poland
    • Johannes Breidenbach, Norway
    • Tomas Bucha, Slovakia
    • Christian Ginzler, Switzerland
    • Joachim Hill, Germany
    • Juha HyyppГ¤, Finland
    • Barbara Koch, Germany
    • Jacek Kozak, Poland
    • StanisЕ‚aw LewiЕ„ski, Poland
    • Monika L. Moskal, USA
    • Erik Naesset, Norway
    • HГҐkan Olsson, Sweden
    • Norbert Pfeifer, Austria
    • Mathias Schardt, Austria
    • Thomas Schneider, Germany
    • Peter Strobl, UE
    • Lars T. Waser, Switzerland
    • Bogdan Zagajewski, Poland
    • Tomasz ZawiЕ‚a-NiedЕєwiecki, IUFRO
    • Frantisek Zemek, Czech Republic

    Honorary Committee

    • Professor WЕ‚odzimierz Sady – the Rector of the University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
    • Professor StanisЕ‚aw OrzeЕ‚ – the Dean of the Faculty of Forestry University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland

    Call for Papers for Student Competition (Best Paper/Poster)

    The Scientific Committee of the EARSeL 3 rd Workshop SIG on Forestry is pleased to announce the 2016 Student Competition. Students from all academic levels (post-docs are excluded), are invited to submit original research on all topics in the field of remote sensing/geomatics and forestry. Research must have been completed within the last two academic years, during the author’s undergraduate or graduate studies and can include thesis and dissertation topics. At the time of presentation (Sept. 2016), the applicant (Young Scientist under 30 years old) must still be a student. Extended abstracts must be written entirely by the applicant; however, thesis and dissertation advisors may be co-authors. Extended abstract deadline is: May 15 th. 2016

    Extended Abstract Guidelines

    The extended abstract will be used to determine the travel award. Please follow the guidelines below when preparing extended abstracts:

    • Title, author(s) names, affiliation and contact information of the author(s),
    • 400-800 words in length in PDF format,
    • Summarize the primary objective, methodology, results, and conclusions of the study,
    • Include references and citations, but the words used in reference list do not count toward the word count. Include an additional single page of 1-2 figures, if necessary.

    The winners will be selected by the Scientific Committee, based on his/her: originality, organization of scientific work, communication, research techniques and used GeoTechnologies, and overall quality of the extended abstract. For the cash awards the above extended abstract criteria along with presentation and/or poster will be evaluated on content, visual aids, and overall presentation quality. Evaluation will take into account the academic level of the entrant. The committee reserves the right to not offer such prizes if the papers are not of appropriate quality.

    A travel award will be provided to the best student extended abstract submitted by the due date below. This award will include: workshop registration fee, return airline travel to Krakow (Poland) from anywhere in the world and accommodations during your stay in Krakow (Summer School + Workshop). A valid passport and all visa requirements are the student responsibility to claim the award. The recipient of this award will be announced in June 2016.

    The prizes are: $500 (cash) for the first place paper, 2 x $250 for second place.

    Publication Fees Waiver Prize

    The overall best presentation/poster will be given the opportunity to submit a full paper on their research to the conference special issue of a peer review journal; all publication fees will be waivered.

    Piotr Wezyk (sigonforestry@gmail.com ) – the Student Competition Organizer (your email inquiries and submissions need to have the following subject title: Student Competition EARSeL 3rd Workshop SIG on Forestry)

    YSDoF

    The idea of the Young Scientist Days on Forestry (YSDoF) is an multidisciplinary integration meeting of young scientists oriented on remote sensing applications, offering them scientific background, conference, poster sessions and the practical training possibilities as well. Young Scientist Days on Forestry will consist of 2 parts: Part A- Summer School with practical trainings using EO RS data, software and taking part in demonstrations (UAV) performed by well-known experts and the Part B – the conference with keynote speakers organized by and for Young researchers.

    All Young Scientist, Ph.D. and M.Sc. students (all under 30 years old) involved or interested in the field of the applications of the Geoinformatics in Forestry are warmly invited to YSDoF. The YSDoF meeting is focused on an international integration of Young Researches, getting to know new colleagues and to participate in interesting courses and training plus gain first experiences as oral and poster presenters. The Young Scientist are strongly encouraged to present own papers and posters according to the following topics related to the 3rd Workshop SIG on Forestry. We plan to run parallel sessions of YSDoF to the 3rd Workshop sessions.

    The previous Young Scientist Days in 2014 in Warsaw were a successful meeting, with almost 100 participants, 60 oral contributions, 5 posters and 23 courses and trainings. We are going to offer a very low registration fee in Krakow, including conference materials, all trainings and full participation in social events.

    YSDoF Fees

    The YSDoF fee includes: Proceedings on CD-R, the printed abstract book, coffee breaks, two lunches, Ice–breaker at Wednesday (September 14, 2016) and access to exhibition hall and Museum of the Soil. The full registration fee (€ 40-150) cover also the cost of social event of the EARSeL & Young Scientist Days on Forestry at Thursday (September 15, 2016) except Workshop Dinner.

    You have possibility to order very cheap accommodation (about 12,5 EUR/person/day) in university dormitories (2-3 persons room with shared bathroom) for 14-15.09.2016. The dormitories are located very close to the building of Faculty of Forestry where the YSD will take place. Contact email for dormitories: oaza@ur.krakow.pl

    The YSD authors (oral or poster presentation) have a special offer for Summer School participation – the fee will be reduced to 149 EUR. Please see the “Summer School/Fees” for details.

    Workshops at YSDoF

    Peter Vogt, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy
    Peter Vogt is a research scientist in the field of remote sensing applications. He studied meteorology at the Free University of Berlin, Germany where he completed his MSc in 1992 and his PhD in 1997 on the assessment of biophysical parameters of vegetation from remote sensing data. His main expertise is in the field of radiative transfer, digital image analysis and program development for the exploitation of remote sensing data. He has worked in a variety of fields including the detection of burnt areas, forest fragmentation analysis, oil spill detection in the Mediterranean Sea, eutrophication risk assessment in coastal waters, desert locust monitoring, derivation of the vertically resolved actinic flux, surface UV-radiation, and sensor design support for the PRISM/LSPIM and VIIRS/NPOESS sensors. Since 2008 he focused on the development and provision of generic image processing routines for the quantitative assessment of land cover dynamics and ecosystem services.

    Workshop on the YSDoF Conference:
    The GuidosToolbox software collection contains a wide variety of generic raster image processing tools. This workshop is divided in two parts:
    1) Overview of key components designed for the analysis of pattern, connectivity, fragmentation, change, distance measures, Landscape Mosaic, cost, and data publishing as GoogleEarth image overlays.
    2) Hands-on training using sample datasets of forest maps: provide instructions on the usage of the generic image analysis routines; batch processing for mass processing; and pre- and post-processing tasks.
    Guidos Toolbox leaflet
    Guidos Toolbox software

    Martin Isenburg, Rapidlasso GmbH, Germany
    Martin received his MSc in 1999 from UBC in Vancouver, Canada, and his PhD in 2004 from UNC in Chapel Hill, USA — both in Computer Science. Currently he is an independent scientist, lecturer, and consultant. Martin has created a popular LiDAR processing software called LAStools that is widely used across industry, government agencies, research labs, and educational institutions. LAStools is the flagship product of rapidlasso GmbH, the company he founded in 2012. Martin’s ultimate goal is to combine high-tech remote sensing and organic urban farming in a “laser farm” that promotes green projects as hip and fun activities for the iPad generation.

    Workshop on the YSDoF Conference (Anahita Khosravipour and Martin Isenburg):
    CHM or DSM rasters for single-tree applications
    This focused and practical workshop explores several common algorithms for generating rasters products from LiDAR for the purpose of single-tree detection. It gives an theoretical overview of common problems such as “empty pixels”, “data pits” and “slope effects” in a CHM raster and how they can be addressed with more sophisticated raster generation using the “pit-free” and the “spike-free” algorithms. We give an intuitive understanding of how they work and in what scenarios they are useful. We show how to create “pit-free” CHMs and DSMs with LAStools and how different parameters affect the results.

    Piotr Tompalski, University of British Columbia, Canada
    Piotr studied forestry at the University of Agriculture in Krakow. In 2008, Piotr began his PhD studies, expanding his research on the applications of various geotechnologies for forestry and nature conservation with a focus on vegetation growth in greatly disturbed areas. His research employs both airborne and terrestrial laser scanning data in addition to satellite imagery. He often uses OBIA tools to process his data, skills he acquired during his internship at Trimble Geospatial Division in Munich, Germany (2010). Currently working on application of ALS in forest growth and yield modeling.

    Workshop on the YSDoF Conference
    Quick and easy data manipulation in R
    During this short workshop you will learn how to use R to manipulate tabular data, produce summaries, filter data to create subsets, and clean data to make it easier to work with. You will also learn how to create professional and publication-ready figures. We will use dplyr, tidyr and ggplot2 packages, and compose a code that is easy to understand and incorporate into your own work.

    Jacek Mucha, Navigate, Poland
    NaviGate is dynamic Polish company offering innovative survey solutions for GIS and geodesy. We are an authorized dealer of Spectra Precision products, which is a division of Trimble corporation. Based on over 10 years of experience we have created a team of experts and an offer that meets the highest expectations of customers.

    Workshop on the YSDoF Conference:
    Collecting spatial data using GNSS receivers and GIS software
    During workshops, participants will be acquainted with methods of measuring application designed for GIS (DigiTerra Explorer) and Spectra Precision GNSS receivers, which allow to conduct in situ measurements in a very simple way. MobileMapper smart antenna and handheld devices are able to work in autonomous mode, differential mode and post-processing mode. The aim of these workshops is to get to know or to improve skills of collecting spatial data for one’s own studies.

    Programme of YSDoF

    Workshops at YSDoF:

    Peter Vogt, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy
    Peter Vogt is a research scientist in the field of remote sensing applications. He studied meteorology at the Free University of Berlin, Germany where he completed his MSc in 1992 and his PhD in 1997 on the assessment of biophysical parameters of vegetation from remote sensing data. His main expertise is in the field of radiative transfer, digital image analysis and program development for the exploitation of remote sensing data. He has worked in a variety of fields including the detection of burnt areas, forest fragmentation analysis, oil spill detection in the Mediterranean Sea, eutrophication risk assessment in coastal waters, desert locust monitoring, derivation of the vertically resolved actinic flux, surface UV-radiation, and sensor design support for the PRISM/LSPIM and VIIRS/NPOESS sensors. Since 2008 he focused on the development and provision of generic image processing routines for the quantitative assessment of land cover dynamics and ecosystem services.

    Workshop on the YSDoF Conference:
    The GuidosToolbox software collection contains a wide variety of generic raster image processing tools. This workshop is divided in two parts:
    1) Overview of key components designed for the analysis of pattern, connectivity, fragmentation, change, distance measures, Landscape Mosaic, cost, and data publishing as GoogleEarth image overlays.
    2) Hands-on training using sample datasets of forest maps: provide instructions on the usage of the generic image analysis routines; batch processing for mass processing; and pre- and post-processing tasks.
    Guidos Toolbox leaflet
    Guidos Toolbox software

    Martin Isenburg, Rapidlasso GmbH, Germany
    Martin received his MSc in 1999 from UBC in Vancouver, Canada, and his PhD in 2004 from UNC in Chapel Hill, USA — both in Computer Science. Currently he is an independent scientist, lecturer, and consultant. Martin has created a popular LiDAR processing software called LAStools that is widely used across industry, government agencies, research labs, and educational institutions. LAStools is the flagship product of rapidlasso GmbH, the company he founded in 2012. Martin’s ultimate goal is to combine high-tech remote sensing and organic urban farming in a “laser farm” that promotes green projects as hip and fun activities for the iPad generation.

    Workshop on the YSDoF Conference (Anahita Khosravipour and Martin Isenburg):
    CHM or DSM rasters for single-tree applications
    This focused and practical workshop explores several common algorithms for generating rasters products from LiDAR for the purpose of single-tree detection. It gives an theoretical overview of common problems such as “empty pixels”, “data pits” and “slope effects” in a CHM raster and how they can be addressed with more sophisticated raster generation using the “pit-free” and the “spike-free” algorithms. We give an intuitive understanding of how they work and in what scenarios they are useful. We show how to create “pit-free” CHMs and DSMs with LAStools and how different parameters affect the results.

    Piotr Tompalski, University of British Columbia, Canada
    Piotr studied forestry at the University of Agriculture in Krakow. In 2008, Piotr began his PhD studies, expanding his research on the applications of various geotechnologies for forestry and nature conservation with a focus on vegetation growth in greatly disturbed areas. His research employs both airborne and terrestrial laser scanning data in addition to satellite imagery. He often uses OBIA tools to process his data, skills he acquired during his internship at Trimble Geospatial Division in Munich, Germany (2010). Currently working on application of ALS in forest growth and yield modeling.

    Workshop on the YSDoF Conference
    Quick and easy data manipulation in R
    During this short workshop you will learn how to use R to manipulate tabular data, produce summaries, filter data to create subsets, and clean data to make it easier to work with. You will also learn how to create professional and publication-ready figures. We will use dplyr, tidyr and ggplot2 packages, and compose a code that is easy to understand and incorporate into your own work.

    Jacek Mucha, Navigate, Poland
    NaviGate is dynamic Polish company offering innovative survey solutions for GIS and geodesy. We are an authorized dealer of Spectra Precision products, which is a division of Trimble corporation. Based on over 10 years of experience we have created a team of experts and an offer that meets the highest expectations of customers.

    Workshop on the YSDoF Conference:
    Collecting spatial data using GNSS receivers and GIS software
    During workshops, participants will be acquainted with methods of measuring application designed for GIS (DigiTerra Explorer) and Spectra Precision GNSS receivers, which allow to conduct in situ measurements in a very simple way. MobileMapper smart antenna and handheld devices are able to work in autonomous mode, differential mode and post-processing mode. The aim of these workshops is to get to know or to improve skills of collecting spatial data for one’s own studies.

    Oral presentations of YSDoF

    The oral presentations during the YSDoF conference are limited to 10 min each. To make your presentation, we offer our laptop (OS Windows) with installed Power Point MS software (PPT or PPTX format) or you can use the Acrobat Viewer ( PDF format) as well. The YSDoF conference pparticipants’ are not required to use identical template of their oral presentation. Participants are required to submit their presentation’s at the latest during the Registration on 15th Sept. 2016 pm (to 08.00 am). We plan to have two separate YSDoF Oral Session’s at Sept. 15, 2016 (see the preliminary Programme).

    Poster presentations of YSDoF

    There will be only one Poster Session (Friday 10.30 – 12.00). You have to follow the same rules like described for 3 rd WS SIG on Forestry participants, concerning the Poster format (size A0) and orientation (portrait). Participants are not required to use identical template of their poster. The poster author’s should be available nearby his poster board to answer potential questions asking by other participants.

    Chairman of YSDoF

    Adrian Ochtyra (adrian.ochtyra@uw.edu.pl) – Chairman of the Young Scientist Days on Forestry (YSDoF)

    Adrian Ochtyra, University of Warsaw, Poland
    Adrian Ochtyra, research assistant at the Department of Geoinformatics, Cartography and Remote Sensing, Faculty of Geography and Regional Studies, University of Warsaw; PhD student in College of Inter-Faculty Individual Studies in Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Warsaw. Teacher at the bachelor, master and post-graduate courses on University of Warsaw. His background is geography and geodesy. Research focus on using various remote sensing data and technologies in vegetation analysis. His experience in remote sensing field was achived by working at the university, participation in national and international projects and cooperation with private companies. Has experience in pre-processing of satellite and aerial images.

    News

    NEW.Programme of 3rd Workshop SIG on Forestry/YSDoF

    From here you can download the standard one-page of your 2 minutes poster presentation during the Thematic Session Abstract (TAS). Please be so kind and send to us via e-mail (sigonforestry@gmail.com) 1 page of your presentation as *. PPT or *.PPTX file.
    (title of e-mail: TAS; the name of the attached file: Abstract ID_LastName.ppt).

    Programme

    NEW.

    Programme of 3 rd Workshop SIG on Forestry/YSDoF

    The amount of oral presentations become quite limited, so during the Plenary Session’s (PS). there will be talks given only by Invited Speakers and Lecturers.

    All abstracts (which have been positively verified by evaluators) will be presented as a short 2-3 min. presentation (please be so kind and download the Layout) during the so called – Thematic Abstract Sessions (TAS_1, TAS_2 or TAS_3) and as traditional hard-copy poster during General Poster Session (GPS).

    The TAS – will be a large interactive session’s at Thursday (Sept. 15,2016) that consist of the short 2-3 min. oral presentations using the digital presentation layout (*.pptx, *.pptx). etc. shared with you by the organizers (Download area). On Friday there will be another General Poster Session (GPS) where you will present the hard-copies of your poster (print it yourself and bring it to Krakow).

    A poster presenter must put his/her poster on the assigned poster board in the Poster Area (PA) during the entire Workshop (you can start to mount posters at Wednesday Sept. 14). During the TAS an author of a poster-will present his or her abstract in a 2-3 min. oral presentation using the unified Layout. A wide screen assistance will be available. Please note that moderators will be very strict with the time of the presentations. Abstracts will be presented in thematic groups (see Programme of TAS) and then the discussion with the presenters will take place by the poster boards at Friday Sept. 16, 2016 (GPS; Upper Hall 1).

    TAS
    From here you can download the standard 1 page PowerPoint presentation of your 2-3 minutes abstract/poster talk during the Thematic Session Abstract (TAS). Please be so kind and send to us via e-mail (sigonforestry@gmail.com) your ready presentation as *. PPT or *.PPTX file. We will accept only 1 page.
    (some restriction’s: title of e-mail: TAS; the name of the attached file: Abstract ID_LastName.ppt).

    GPS (General Poster Session)
    During the General Poster Session (GPS) you are invited to your poster for presentation and discussion. At least one of the authors must be present during the session, and be ready to interact with attendees while standing close to their poster presentation. If one author represents a team that wrote the paper, that person should be capable of responding to questions concerning all aspects of the presented research.

    Poster format and Layout
    The poster size should be A-0 portrait format (width: 841mm and height: 1189 mm). Please keep in mind, that our poster boards cannot accommodate larger posters, or posters in landscape format. You will get the assistance of our “poster-staff” who will bring appropriate materials to affix your poster to the poster boards. There is no need to bring your own adhesives. There is no any layout for printed form of the poster you present. Feel free with layout but keep the size and orientation of the poster.

    Poster mounting and dismounting
    Posters may be mounted on Wednesday Sept. 14. (5:00 PM – 09:00 PM) or at Thursday, Sept. 15, between 7:30 AM – 5:00 PM. Please locate first your poster number on the poster wall (check the ID of your abstract). All posters must be removed immediately after the Plenary Session 6 or Closing Session has finished (Friday Sept. 16, 2016 afternoon).

    Here you will find an example of the short presentation during TAS.

    Please check the new version of the Programme (on-line)

    Programme of 3 rd Workshop SIG on Forestry/YSDoF

    Invited speakers

    Plenary Session 1:
    Frank Martin Seifert, Earth Observation Programme – Science, Application and Future Technology Department ESA / ESRIN, Italy

    Frank Martin Seifert has a background in microwave engineering and remote sensing with focus on land application and climate change. He has been working for the European Space Agency at ESRIN/Frascati, Italy since 2000 as Earth Observation application engineer. Starting from SAR system aspects like calibration he moved to applications of remote sensing data to study terrestrial surface processes and promote their applications towards operational implementation with user organisations. He has been ESA’s focal point for land and forest services from local to continental scale for GMES, now Copernicus, which contributed to the specification of the Sentinel-1 and -2 satellites. His current interest lies in the use of remotely sensed data supporting developing countries to measure, report and verify the status of their forests in the framework of REDD+. To maximize the information value and impact of satellite images he is working on systematic space data coordination in GEO’s Global Forest Observation Initiative (GFOI) and advocates for ESA Earth Observation at UNFCCC.

    Plenary Session 1:
    Juha Hyyppä, Finnish Geospatial Reseach Institute FGI, Finland

    Juha Hyyppä. Director of Centre of Excellence in Laser Scanning Research and Director of NLS FGI (Finnish Geospatial Research Institute) Remote Sensing. He has focus on laser scanning systems, their performance and new applications, especially related to mobile laser scanning

    Plenary Session 2:
    Christian Thiel, University of Jena, Germany

    Dr. Christian J. Thiel received his Ph.D. degree in 2004 and the Habilitation degree in 2014 from the Friedrich Schiller University of Jena, Germany. The topic of his Ph.D. work was the investigation of polarimetric and interferometric airborne SAR data for the derivation of biophysical parameters. The subject of his Habilitation thesis was radar remote sensing over forest. Since 2004 he has worked as Research Project Assistant and was involved in various projects such as: the synergistic usage of optical and SAR-data for landcover classification; utilization of JERS-1 SAR-data for forest cover detection; and the operationalisation of earth observation based forestry applications. Dr. Thiel is also involved in the Kyoto and Carbon Initiative, dealing with large area PALSAR data applications focusing on forest. Since 2006 he has held the position of assistant Chair at the Earth Observation Department of the Friedrich-Schiller University Jena and head of the Radar Science and Applications section. His main scientific interests are the development and application of methods for retrieving geophysical parameters over land from active remote sensing data, with a particular interest in soil moisture retrieval, forest cover and forest biomass mapping.

    Plenary Session 3:
    Iain Woodhouse, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK

    Prof Iain Woodhouse is a Professor of Applied Earth Observation at the University of Edinburgh. His research expertise lies in active remote sensing of forest biomass with 22 years post-graduate experience in the field. Although the majority of his career has been on radar remote sensing and modelling, he has recently been leading the development of multispectral lidar for forest applications. He has co-founded two remote sensing companies: Ecometrica in 2008 and Carbomap in 2013. He also has experience in capacity development for remote sensing and has been the UK Representative on the GEO Capacity Building Ctte.

    Plenary Session 4:
    Robert J. McGaughey, Research Forester, USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station University of Washington

    McGaughey received BSF and MSF degrees from Purdue University in 1981 and 1983. His MSF thesis was titled “Microcomputer Simulation of Skyline Logging Systems.” McGaughey has been with the Pacific Northwest Research station since 1984 working as a Forester and Research Forester. He began his research career developing methods and tools to help plan forest operations. His current research interests include visual simulation of forest characteristics at stand- and landscape-scales, determination of individual tree and stand characteristics using LIDAR data, processing methodologies for large-area LIDAR acquisitions, and using LIDAR to characterize vegetation structure over large areas
    McGaughey is the developer of the Stand Visualization System (SVS), EnVision (landscape visualization), and FUSION (LIDAR data analysis and visualization) software systems and has authored or co-authored over 75 publications describing his work on forest operations planning, stand and landscape visualization and LIDAR data analysis.

    Plenary Session 5:
    Norbert Pfeifer, TU Viena, Austria

    Norbert Pfeifer is Professor of Photogrammetry in the Department of Geodesy and Geoinformation. He teaches on bachelor, master, and PhD level on the theory of photogrammetry and on using Earth observation from images for modeling of our environment. Norbert Pfeifer’s research interest center on images. This ranges from acquisition to exploitation in various disciplines. Concentration is put on photographic images in the visible and near infrared range and on range imaging techniques. Platforms for these images reach from satellites to hand-held devices. In the last few years, the focus shifted to modeling in the environmental disciplines, especially concerning water and vegetation.

    Plenary Session 5:
    Joachim Hill, Trier University, Germany

    J. Hill has a background in using optical remote sensing systems for environmental research. A major focus is on developing RS methods for forestry applications, such as mapping tree species/age, timber volume inventories, biophysical parameter retrieval, identification of water stress and change detection with a specific focus on hyperspectral imaging. His research group at University is operating its own hyperspectral imaging facility (HySpex) and is in charge of supporting forest-related research within the Core Science Team of the German EnMAP Mission, a German hyperspectral satellite designed for providing high quality hyperspectral image data for investigating a wide range of ecosystem parameters from 2014 onwards.

    Plenary Session 6:
    Monika L. Moskal, University of Washington, USA

    Dr. L. Monika Moskal is an Associate Professor of Remote Sensing, College of the Environment, School of Environmental and Forest Sciences, where she is the Director of the Precision Forestry Cooperative and the Remote Sensing and Geospatial Analysis Laboratory (RSGAL). She is affiliated with the UW BioEnergy IGERT and the UW Interdisciplinary PhD Program. RSGAL’s research goal is to understand multiscale and multidimensional dynamics of landscape change through the application of hyper-resolution remote sensing. RSGAL develops methods necessary to analyze hyper-resolution remotely sensed data by exploiting spatial, temporal and spectral capabilities of the data.

    Plenary Session 6:
    Jaan Praks, Aalto University, Finland

    Dr.Sc. Jaan Praks has been working on Earth Observation and forest remote sensing topics over 20 years. During his career he has managed airborne campaigns, conducted field measurements and built satellites for remote sensing. Currently he works as an Assistant Professor at Department of Radio Science and Engineering at Aalto University, Finland. He is the responsible leader of Aalto­-1 and Aalto­-2 satellite projects and also a leader of several remote sensing projects. He teaching responsibilities cover Earth Observation and space technology courses. Jaan Praks is Finnish delegate at ESA’s Advisory Committee on Education, Finnish national representative at EARSeL council and representative of Aalto University at national URSI. His professional interests include forest remote sensing, SAR polarimetry, SAR interferometry, scattering models, hyperspectral imaging and nanosatellites for remote sensing. He is a co-author in over 100 conference or journal publications in various fields of remote sensing.

    Invited lecturers

    Lars T. Waser, Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, Switzerland
    Lars T. Waser has a background in using remote sensing systems for environmental research with focus on forestry. He is a research scientist at the Department of Landscape Dynamics at the Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research, Birmensdorf, Switzerland. Lars has received PhD in 2012 from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich (ETHZ) with the topic semi-automated classification of tree species based on airborne sensors. His research focus is on spatially estimating forest parameters (tree species, tree cover, timber volume, biodiversity, health etc.) on stand and national level (wall-to-wall products) mainly based on airborne remote sensing (active and passive) and terrestrial data sets. He works for the Swiss National Forest Inventory and has 15 years of professional experience in national and international projects with a remarkable list of publications, and two co-editorial functions (European Journal of Remote Sensing, Remote Sensing).

    Martin Pfennigbauer, RIEGL Laser Measurement Systems, Austria
    Martin Pfennigbauer holds a Dipl.-Ing. Degree and a PhD from Vienna University of Technology. From 2000 to 2005 he was working at the Institute of Communications and Radio-Frequency Engineering, focusing on free-space optical intersatellite communication and quantum communication. Since 2005 he is with RIEGL Laser Measurement Systems, presently as Director, Research & Intellectual Property. He manages Research projects funded by the European space agency, the European Union and national funds. He is product manager for hydrographic airborne laser scanning systems. Dr. Pfennigbauer’s special interest is the design and development of lidar instruments for surveying applications with focus on rangefinder design, waveform processing, and point cloud analysis.

    Peter Vogt, European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy
    Peter Vogt is a research scientist in the field of remote sensing applications. He studied meteorology at the Free University of Berlin, Germany where he completed his MSc in 1992 and his PhD in 1997 on the assessment of biophysical parameters of vegetation from remote sensing data. His main expertise is in the field of radiative transfer, digital image analysis and program development for the exploitation of remote sensing data. He has worked in a variety of fields including the detection of burnt areas, forest fragmentation analysis, oil spill detection in the Mediterranean Sea, eutrophication risk assessment in coastal waters, desert locust monitoring, derivation of the vertically resolved actinic flux, surface UV-radiation, and sensor design support for the PRISM/LSPIM and VIIRS/NPOESS sensors. Since 2008 he focused on the development and provision of generic image processing routines for the quantitative assessment of land cover dynamics and ecosystem services.

    Fees

    The early bird registration fee for the Summer School is 199.00 EUR. For the authors (oral/poster) of the joined EARSeL Young Scientist Days of Forestry (3rd Workshop SIG on Forestry; 15-16.09.2016), the fee for the Summer School will be reduced to 149.00 EUR. After 30th of July 2016 the fees will increase (+ 50 EUR). Both fees cover: lessons and training attendance, learning materials, certificates, social events, lunches & coffee breaks. The fees include also the accommodation in university dormitories (2-3 persons room with shared bathroom) from 11.09.2016 to 14.09.2016. The dormitories are located very close to the building of Faculty of Forestry where the Summer School will take place.

    Chairman of Summer School

    PaweЕ‚ HawryЕ‚o (p.hawrylo@ur.krakow.pl) – Chairman of the Summer School

    PaweЕ‚ HawryЕ‚o, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
    PaweЕ‚ HawryЕ‚o, Forestry Engineer (2012), Ph.D. student, assistant at the Laboratory of Geomatics, Department of Forest Management, Geomatics and Forest Economy, Institute of Forest Resource Management, Faculty of Forestry, University of Agriculture in Krakow. UNIGIS network student. Research on application of remote sensing techniques for various forest and landscape attributes assessment. Main interest in using airborne laser scanning (ALS) and stereo-matching techniques for the forest inventory purposes and landscape indices. Expertise in Object-Based Image Analysis (GEOBIA) using data fusion concept.

    Downloads

    Accommodation

    The 3-star Hotel B.A.S Villa Residence in Krakow is located within a 5-minute walk of the University of Agriculture and just 2,5 km from the Old Town (5 minutes by taxi/car). Each room has been tastefully decorated and equipped with a range of modern comforts, including a modern bathroom with hairdryer, a safe and a TV. Guests can enjoy a breakfast buffet and relax in the garden with a terrace. The property offers a 24-hour front desk service, wireless Internet access and free spacious parking.
    We can offer you promotional prices:
    -Single room – 250 PLN/day
    -Twin room – 300 PLN/day
    -Studio Apartment – 400 PLN/day
    Promotional prices on password: EARSeL

    Monika Hotel is a cosy two-star hotel located in the near location from the city centre, railway station and bus station. The hotel is situated in a historical building which gives a unique climate of cosiness and pleasant atmosphere.
    Our big advantage is our beautiful garden in which our guests can relax or enjoy a coffe in one of the garden sheds.
    In front of the hotel there is a big monitored car parking which we offer for free for our Guests. We can offer you promotional prices – 80 PLN per person in twin/double room or 100 PLN per person in single room for period 12-17.09.2016r. Promotional prices are actual only if you will payments to 30.07.2016. The breakfest served as a buffet is included in price.
    Promotional prices on password: EARSeL

    Hotel Florian is situated in the quiet and extremely greenresidential area Prądnik Czerwony, 2 kilometres away from the Market Square. To the inner core of the city centre (Galeria Krakowska, PKP and MDA Central Railway Station) leads 20-minute walk or literally a few minutes journey by car or public transport. Despite a proximity of the city centre, a Hotel surrounding is free from roar, noise and traffic congestions – so arduous for inhabitants of the Old Town. Prądnik Czerwony resembles an atmosphere of the city suburbs: lines of free-standing houses, a lot of greenery, relatively small traffic – it all makes a neighbourhood spacious and friendly.

    We kindly invite you to make your own arrangements for accommodation for your stay in Krakow. A specially for the Summer School we will try to collect the information concerning the student dormitories available in September 2016.

    Hostels:

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    GISMapper 08 Jul 2010

    This is my first post on these forums and I would really appreciate if anybody could help me with a big decision I have to make in the next 7 days.

    I have applied to three universities to study GIS and Remote Sensing. I have being offered places at all 3 but can't decide which one to choose as there are some major differences in what the courses offer and how they are run.

    One university on offer is in the top 10 universities in the world. However the course is in GIS Science as opposed to GIS and Remote Sensing which the others offer. This course seems to have some practical elements but also lots of theory. However it also has a practical side and contains more hours of lectures/labs than the other courses. I have a numbe of questions regarding this.

    1. Does the fact that the course title is not GIS (as in systems) and is GIS Science matter if I want to eventually work in GIS or Remote Sensing? What is the difference between GIS Science compared to standard GIS and Remote Sensing?

    2. Also the course doesn't contain Remote Sensing in the title but contains remote sensing as 2 major options within the course itself (all 3 are taught masters). Will its absence in the Master's title potentially hinder me in getting a job/Phd in Remote Sensing if the title on my CV makes it sound less about remote sensing and more about GIS Science? Or does GIS Science as a title imply that it contains both GIS and Remote Sensing within it as a subject?

    3. This courses seems to offer slightly less classes in remote sensing. Can this lower my chances of getting a remote sensing job in the future? Is the extra theory that GIS Science offers (about map projections, spatial data mining etc) valuable in getting a job in GIS or Remote Sensing as opposed to the more practical elements of the other courses which I could do?

    4. Is having one of the top ten universities in the world on your CV a big bonus or does it count for much? I know experience is most important in GIS/Remote Sensing which I know I need to get as well but is it worth sacrificing the words remote sensing in the title and studying a little less remote sensing going to hinder me in applying for a remote sensing position in the future?

    5. There seems to be a lot of mention in the course outline of statistics, geometry, map algebra, least squares method, chi-tests and so on. My math is okay but has never been my strongest point and I worry that I may struggle if the level is too high. How difficult is the mathematics associated with GIS Science? If you have less experience in Maths is it easy (if you work hard of course) to keep up with the math element? Does Math get super complex at a Masters level in this subject?

    6. One of the other courses offers 2 months work experience and no dissertation (coursework assessed) but is located far away from where I live right now. Would you rank two months work experience as being THAT important over attending a world renowned instituation? Would an employer consider 2 months experience as anything particularly useful?

    Sorry for all the questions but it is a nightmare trying to choose the right course as I am afraid if I do too much theory in GIS Science instead of the more practical standard GIS and Remote Sensing courses which I've been offered, I may end up being unemployable with too much theoretical knowledge and not enough practical knowledge.

    All answers will be helpful.

    Thanks in advance

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    Bryan Swindell 08 Jul 2010

    Theory versus applied, practical knowledge is always a tough decision. I would say that if you are planning on going into the private or government sector, take the applied path. If you want to go on to a PhD and beyond, go for theoretical (where you will most assured be buried in advanced math!). Employers usually want folks who can sit down at a computer and get things done efficiently (ie, crank out products that bring in money). They don't need you to have especially deep and sophisticated knowledge about GIS science – just creativity, smarts and a good work ethic. Get familiar with as many different software programs as you can, and be sure to get some exposure to basic geostatistics. Also, unless you have great personal interest, don't worry about getting too heavy into remote sensing science. The need for basic GIS folks is much greater than that for RS, in the private sector.

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    Rob 08 Jul 2010

    I'd see it different from Bryan's post.

    First, don't get caught up with what words are or aren't in the program's title.

    Second, anyone can learn how to operate the GIS software fairly easily. A good analyst is going to understand WHY they should do something, WHAT is really happening to the data, and WHAT the limitations are. That's all based in GIS theory, and once you leave the university, learning those types of things are going to be much more difficult than learning how to use some piece of software. Plus, you are going to learn the software any place you study. My $0.02. And Good luck.

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    Bryan Swindell 08 Jul 2010

    Yes, I'd agree with Rob. There's more to GIS than clicking buttons. I'm assuming that you've had some exposure to the theory behind vector and raster data formats and relational databases in your undergrad work. If not, you will most certainly need it in your Master's program. Also, he's spot-on about program titles. Dig into course syllabi to find out exactly what skills you will gain. Those courses that expect you to design, implement and write about your own GIS projects will serve you the best. And, keep in mind that every one who posts here will come from a different angle and from a different sector – no one will share the exact same opinion on the best way to go about GIS education. Good luck!

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    GISMapper 08 Jul 2010

    I agree with both of you but this where I am confused. The theory in the GIS Science Masters course seems different to the theory offered in the regular GIS course. GIS Science whilst dealing in certain practical issues seems to address GIS in more philosphical ways such how important is the subject as an Information Science and how humans interact with GIS and GIS interacts with humans. Whereas the GIS theory in the regular GIS course seems to deal more with decision making and uses and applications of GIS, map projections etc. rather than the maths about how they're derived. Is it important to know in detail how co-ordinates are mathematically derived if one works industry?

    So in essence there are two types of theory on offer. Both go beyond clicking buttons but the bottom line is which is more valuable? I can see where both of you are coming from but after completing a 4 year BA in Natural Science moderating in Geography, I found that a lot of the theory I had learned to be useless in terms of getting a job and don't want to make the same mistake twice (I ended up completing a Postgrad Diploma in Education and becoming a teacher) if the theory on offer in GIS Science is not so useful.

    If both courses offer theory at the different levels. Does there come a point when that theory becomes wasteful unless, as Bryan says, you wish to stay in acadaemia? Which type of theory is more important in getting a job? Also does having an undergrad qualification in Natural Science show to some degree that I am capable of going beyond clicking buttons but can also analyse and problem solve solutions? Is studying GIS Science in some ways repeating some of those analytical skills already gained at undergrad science level?

    Also Rob, do you think that the maths involved in GIS Science would be hardcore and difficult for a geographer with a limited math background? I am pretty scared of being in a class of students potentially of Maths and Engineering backgrounds and not having a clue what is happening Is it a struggle for someone from a Geography background to keep up with, for example, understanding how algorithms work and help improve GIS or the mathamatical principles behind mapping?
    Edited by GISMapper, 08 July 2010 – 05:22 PM.

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    David Medeiros 08 Jul 2010

    I'm not sure the program titles are a reflection of the program content as much as the content is a reflection of the program or school its being taught at. What I mean is one schools GIS (systems) MA may be more or less the same as an others GI Science; or two GIS Systems programs may differ radically in content regardless of identical names.

    I myself have just enrolled in whats actually a Geography MA but is essentially a GIScience degree. The program seems to span both practical and theoretical aspects of GIS with the option to complete either thesis or a project. Meanwhile the next closest program, a GIS MA is very much more of a theoretical research based program, with no project option.

    In other words, don't get hung up on the program title, look at the content. You should be doing an MA in GIS for the knowledge and experience it will get you, not any credit the program title will earn you with employers.

    As for the math, you really shouldn't need to worry too much about it IMO. Even the GI Science MAs are not hard sciences in that regard. Your not studying to be a geodesist.

    The best advice I can think to give you is to go talk to the respective program heads and ask them some of these questions, see what they have to say about it. Good luck!

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    Martin Gamache 08 Jul 2010

    First of all congrats.

    GI Science is getting to be fairly standard.
    Remote sensing is all statistics and matrix algebra. If you don't like math or computer programming I would suggest not going into graduate work in GIS or Remote Sensing.

    Most employers will be more interested in your thesis work, your coursework, and your publications than in what your program was called. Chances are people in the field will want to know who your advisors were and if they recommend you. Graduate school is about making those connections and building a strong network within academia that can help you find employment, Phd positions, postdocs etc. So choose a school based on the faculty, the research areas they specialise in, whether those areas are of interest to you. Find out if the faculty has a good reputation, who your advisor will be, speak to other graduate students, chat with your current professors. Look at the faculty's recent published articles, what journals do they publish in or serve on editorial staff. All this will tell you a lot about a dept.
    I spent time in two graduate programs with vastly different teaching approaches, funding levels, and number of faculty. Larger, better funded programs have some advantages in terms of resources. If you have time visit each school. it might be worth the investment in your time to do so.

    Good luck in your choices.

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    Martin Gamache 08 Jul 2010

    First of all congrats.

    GI Science is getting to be fairly standard.
    Remote sensing is all statistics and matrix algebra. If you don't like math or computer programming I would suggest not going into graduate work in GIS or Remote Sensing.

    Most employers will be more interested in your thesis work, your coursework, and your publications than in what your program was called. Chances are people in the feld will want to know who your advisors were and if they recommend you. Graduate school is about making those connections and building a strong network within academia that can help you find employment, Phd positions, postdocs etc. So choose a school based onthe faculty, the research areas they specialise in, whether those areas are of interest to you, whether the faculty has a good reputation, speak to other graduate students, chat with your current professors, look at their recent published articles, what journals do they publish in or serve on editorial staff.
    I spent time in two graduate programs with vastly different teaching approaches, funding levels, and number of faculty. Larger, better funded programs have some advantages.

    Good luck in your choices.

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    GISMapper 09 Jul 2010

    I have tried to get in touch with lecturers but as it is summer, everyone is away so I'm relying really on intuition and you guys to help me hopefully (thanks to everyone who has commented so far).

    To help make things clearer, I have created a comparison of what the courses offer.

    1. Masters in GIS and Remote Sensing:
    1. Introduction to Geographical Information Systems
    2. Aspects of Geographical Information Science
    3. Work Placement
    4. Theoretical Concepts of Remote Sensing
    5. Digital Image Processing
    6. Advanced RS

    Please note that the above courses contain some of what is included in the courses below, eg. image understanding is included within Digital Image Processing. I guess this is what Martin was referring to, that there is a certain level of overlap. Assessment by means of projects, reports, essays, exams and work placement. No disseratation .

    2. Masters in GIScience
    1. Mapping Science
    2. Spatial Structures & Representation
    3. IT & GIS
    4. Analytical Methods
    5. GIS Data Analysis
    6. Management/Group Project
    7. Advanced Topics in GIS 1
    8. Advanced Topics in GIS 2
    9. Spatio-Temporal Data Mining
    10. Image Understanding
    11. Introduction to Environmental Remote Sensing

    Assessment by means of essays, exams, reports, dissertation.

    I hope the above helps give a clearer indication of my dillema and shows what I mean by the masters in GIS and RS looking more practical (but still with theory) than GIS Science which looks like more theory but still with some practical work – the reverse of the other masters.

    From looking at the course titles how difficult would you say the math level might be? For example, when studying map projections and datums, do you learn detailed mathematics regarding how these are derived or is it more about a general understanding of the theory?

    Do you think courses in Spatio Temperal Data Mining would be extremely complex or am I being too scared of complex sounding lingo regarding the topics within a subject like this eg. STARIMA (Spatio-Temporal Auto-Regressive Regression) and Geographical Weighted Regression (GWR) and two machine learning approaches -DRNN (Dynamic Recurrent Neural Networks) and SVM (Support Vector Machines)? Is such a subject like this useful for working in industry?

    Please let me know what you think of the course outlines in terms of employability within industry following either of these masters courses.

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    David Medeiros 09 Jul 2010

    In my opinion, based solely on the course titles and lack of a dissertation option, I'm not sure I'd call the first program a true masters. It seems more like an advanced certificate program. The second set reads much more like most masters programs in GIS that I have come across so far.

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    The house casts a warm glow on summer evenings in this view from the overlook.

    Glimpses from the birds-eye view reveal an expanse of inviting terrace spaces situated directly above the waterfall.

    Mr. Kaufmann’s terrace, as viewed from the driveway above the house.

    An early spring aerial view of the main house and guest houses.

    Sun streams through the windows in this view from the living room towards the west terrace.

    Bear Run, still unfrozen, flows underneath the house blanketed in snow.

    The colors of fall frame the house in this classic view.

    The cantilevered construction allows for an open living space that still feels warm and inviting during the cool autumn days.

    Fallingwater is open for regular season house tours and grounds passes. Pleasebook your tickets online or call 724-329-8501 during regular business hours, Monday through Friday from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.

    As part of your tour, visit the free exhibition, “Before and After Fallingwater: Benno Janssen’s and Richard Neutra’s Houses for the Kaufmanns ,” open now through January 2017 in the Visitor Center’s Speyer Gallery.

    The UNESCO World Heritage Committee voted on July 17, 2016, to refer the United States’ submission to the World Heritage List. This nomination of a collection of 10 buildings designed by Frank Lloyd Wright includes Fallingwater. More details.